Increased B7-H1 Expression on Peripheral Blood T Cells in Oral Lichen Planus Correlated with Disease Severity
ABSTRACT Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic and T cell-mediated autoimmune disease whose immunopathogenesis may involve antigen-presentation, T cells activation and migration as well as keratinocytes apoptosis. PD-1/B7-H1 pathway may have a unique function in regulating self-reactive T cells associated with inflammatory response and maintaining tolerance in peripheral tissues. In this study, we aimed to explore the contribution of PD-1/B7-H1 pathway to OLP.
We determined the expression of PD-1 and B7-H1 on peripheral blood T cells from OLP cases and analyzed their association with disease severity assessed by RAE (reticular, atrophic and erosive lesion) scoring system. In addition, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10 and soluble PD-1 concentrations in serum were measured using ELISA. Then, we explored the regulation of PD-1/B7-H1 pathway on T cells immune response in OLP by blockade of PD-1 or B7-H1.
We found that PD-1 and B7-H1 were up-regulated on peripheral blood T cells from OLP patients and B7-H1 expression positively correlated with disease severity of OLP. It is suggested that Th1 dominant inflammatory situation might contribute to the high expression of PD-1 and B7-H1 in OLP. Blockade of PD-1/B7-H1 pathway significantly increased the proliferation, and IFN-γ and IL-2 production of T cells.
PD-1/B7-H1 pathway may play an important role in negatively modulating T cell-mediated immune response in OLP, and provide the rationale to employ B7-H1 expression on peripheral blood T cells as a marker of severity of OLP and to develop agonists targeting PD-1/B7-H1 pathway as a promising immunotherapeutic strategy for OLP.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cytokines are powerful mediators which play a central role in both innate and adapted immune responses. Aberrant productions of cytokines may lead to the onset of immune deficiency, allergy or autoimmunity, which are involved in the mechanisms of various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammation disease affecting the oral mucosa with unknown aetiology. Previous studies have described the abnormal expression patterns of various inflammation-related cytokines, such as IL-1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 17, 18, TGF-β, IFN-γ and TNF-α, in lesions, saliva, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with OLP, which may reflect the immune dysregulation status and emerge as central players in the immunopathogenesis of OLP. Besides, the gene polymorphisms of several cytokines such as IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-10 have been found to be involved in the susceptibility of OLP. In this review, we gave a brief introduction of the characteristics and biological functions of these inflammation-related cytokines and summarized for the first time the current knowledge on the involvement of inflammation-related cytokines in OLP. Further research on the exact roles of these cytokines will aid the understanding of the pathogenesis and the identification of novel therapeutic approaches of OLP.Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 12/2013; 44(1). DOI:10.1111/jop.12142 · 1.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The programmed death (PD)-1/PD-1 ligands (PD-Ls) pathway, is a new member of the B7/CD28 family, and consists of the PD-1 receptor and its ligands PD-L1 (B7-H1, CD274) and PD-L2 (B7-DC, CD273). Recently, it is reported that PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 also have soluble forms aside from their membrane bound forms. The soluble forms increase the diversity and complexity of PD-1/PD-Ls pathway in both composition and function. The PD-1/PD-Ls pathway is broadly expressed and exerts a wider range of immunoregulatory roles in T-cell activation and tolerance compared with other B7/CD28 family members. Studies show that the PD-1/PD-Ls pathway regulates the induction and maintenance of peripheral tolerance and protects tissues from autoimmune attack in physiological conditions. In addition, it is also involved in various diseases mediated by T cells, such as autoimmunity, tumor immunity, chronic viral infections, and transplantation immunity. In this review, we will summarize the relevance of the soluble forms and the latest researches on the role of PD-1/PD-Ls pathway in autoimmune diseases.Cellular Immunology 05/2014; 290(1):72-79. DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2014.05.006 · 1.87 Impact Factor
07/2014; 1(3). DOI:10.1007/s40496-014-0022-y