[Lentivirus-mediated stable silencing of nm23-H1 gene in lung cancer cells and the influence on biological behavior].

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Lung Cancer Metastasis and Tumor Microenvironment, Tianjin Lung Cancer Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.
Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer 03/2012; 15(3):139-45. DOI: 10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2012.03.02
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The nm23-H1 gene is an important tumor metastatic suppressor gene. Our previous study showed that the downregulation of nm23-H1 gene expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in NL9980 lung cancer cells greatly enhanced their invasiveness. To further explore the molecular mechanisms after nm23-H1 gene knockdown, we established transgene NL9980 and A549 lung cancer cell lines with stable nm23-H1 gene silencing through the lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA (shRNA) method.
The human large cell lung cancer NL9980 and human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were transfected with shRNA lentiviral particles specific for the nm23-H1 gene, and were then selected through puromycin. Puromycin-resistant clones were generated and screened using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and Western blot analysis. shRNA rescue experiments were performed to restore the nm23-H1 gene expression in the shRNA-expressing cells. Invasiveness was determined through a Boyden chamber assay.
The puromycin-resistant clones (NL9980-99 and A549-99) showed very low levels of nm23-H1 mRNA and protein expression under RT-PCR, qPCR, and Western blot analysis. Meanwhile, the shRNA rescue experiment restored the nm23-H1 expression in the NL9980-99 and A549-99 cells detected by Western blot. Downregulation of nm23-H1 gene expression enhanced the invasiveness of the NL9980-99 and A549-99 cells compared with the controls.
The lung cancer cell lines NL9980-99 and A549-99 with stable nm23-H1 gene silencing were successfully established and their invasiveness was greatly increased after nm23-H1 gene knockdown.

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