[Lentivirus-mediated stable silencing of nm23-H1 gene in lung cancer cells and the influence on biological behavior].
ABSTRACT The nm23-H1 gene is an important tumor metastatic suppressor gene. Our previous study showed that the downregulation of nm23-H1 gene expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in NL9980 lung cancer cells greatly enhanced their invasiveness. To further explore the molecular mechanisms after nm23-H1 gene knockdown, we established transgene NL9980 and A549 lung cancer cell lines with stable nm23-H1 gene silencing through the lentivirus-mediated short hairpin RNA (shRNA) method.
The human large cell lung cancer NL9980 and human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were transfected with shRNA lentiviral particles specific for the nm23-H1 gene, and were then selected through puromycin. Puromycin-resistant clones were generated and screened using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and Western blot analysis. shRNA rescue experiments were performed to restore the nm23-H1 gene expression in the shRNA-expressing cells. Invasiveness was determined through a Boyden chamber assay.
The puromycin-resistant clones (NL9980-99 and A549-99) showed very low levels of nm23-H1 mRNA and protein expression under RT-PCR, qPCR, and Western blot analysis. Meanwhile, the shRNA rescue experiment restored the nm23-H1 expression in the NL9980-99 and A549-99 cells detected by Western blot. Downregulation of nm23-H1 gene expression enhanced the invasiveness of the NL9980-99 and A549-99 cells compared with the controls.
The lung cancer cell lines NL9980-99 and A549-99 with stable nm23-H1 gene silencing were successfully established and their invasiveness was greatly increased after nm23-H1 gene knockdown.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy and the leading potentially fatal primary intraocular disease in adults. Melanoma antigen recognized by T-cells (MART-1) has been studied extensively as a clinically important diagnostic marker for melanoma, however, its biological function remains unclear. In the present study, the UM cell line SP6.5, which showed a high level of MART-1 expression, was subjected to small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of MART-1. Silencing of MART-1 expression increased the migration ability of SP6.5 cells and down-regulated the expression of the metastasis suppressor NM23. Our results suggest that MART-1 is a candidate target for the development of therapeutic strategies for UM and in particular for the suppression of metastasis associated with this malignancy.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2013; 14(7):15092-104. · 2.46 Impact Factor