Cytotoxic effect of fenitrothion and lambda-cyhalothrin mixture on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense system in rat kidney.
ABSTRACT A mixture of pyrethroids plus organophosphates was assessed for their potential effects on lipid peroxidation, the antioxidant defense system and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in rat kidney in vitro. Various insecticide concentrations were incubated with kidney homogenate at 37°C for different incubation times. Treatment with fenitothion (FNT) plus lambda-cyhalothrin (LC) caused a significant induction (P < 0.05) in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), which might be associated to decreased levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities and protein content in rat kidney. However, a significant induction of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity was observed. The effect was concentration and time dependent. It can be concluded that depletion of GSH might indicate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) could be involved in the toxic effects of FNT plus LC which lead to marked perturbations in antioxidant defense system.
- Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 01/1982; 212(2):411-6. · 3.37 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/1974; 249(22):7130-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Erythrocytes are a convenient model to understand the membrane oxidative damage induced by various xenobiotic-prooxidants. This study was designed to investigate (1) the possibility of lambda-cyhalothrin (LC), a type II pyrethroid, to induce oxidative stress response in rabbit erythrocytes in vitro and its effect on selected antioxidant enzymes and (2) the role of vitamin C (VC; 20mM) and vitamin E (VE; 2mM) in alleviating the cytotoxic effects of LC. Erythrocytes were divided into three groups. The first group, previously prepared erythrocytes was incubated for 4h at 37 degrees C with different concentrations (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5mM) of LC. The second and third groups were preincubated with VC or VE, respectively for 20 min and followed by LC incubation for 4h. Following in vitro exposure, LC caused a significant induction of oxidative damage in erythrocytes at different concentrations as evidenced by increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels. However, a significant decrease in the content of sulfhydryl groups (SH-groups), and the activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) were observed. The response was concentration dependent. VC or VE pretreated erythrocytes showed a significant protection against the cytotoxic effects induced by LC on the studied parameters. In conclusion, antioxidant vitamins especially VE could be able to ameliorate LC-induced oxidative stress by decreasing lipid peroxidation and altering antioxidant defense system in erythrocytes.Toxicology in Vitro 05/2007; 21(3):392-7. · 2.65 Impact Factor