Article

Pathological changes in the microstructure of longissimus lumborum muscle from five breeds of pigs.

Agricultural University of Kraków, Department of Reproduction and Animal Anatomy, Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland.
Folia Biologica (Impact Factor: 0.89). 01/2012; 60(1-2):55-60. DOI: 10.3409/fb60_1-2.55-60
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to determine the extent of histopathological changes in m. longissimus lumborum of PL, PLW, Duroc, Pietrain, and Puławska pigs (N = 30 per breed) aged 210 days. Changes in fibre size (atrophy, hypertrophy - giant fibres), changes in fibre shape (angular fibres), degenerative lesions (necrosis with phagocytosis) and connective tissue hypertrophy were evaluated. The percentage of individual pathological changes in m. longissimus lumborum of the analysed pig breeds was relatively low. Significantly more normal fibres were found in the muscles of Puławska compared to Pietrain pigs. Muscle fibre atrophy was the most frequent and extensive histopathological change. The muscles of Puławska pigs had significantly fewer atrophic, giant and angular fibres, significantly less necrosis with phagocytosis, and less animals with connective tissue hypertrophy compared to the other pig breeds. On the other hand, Pietrain pigs were characterized by a greater number of animals with giant fibres and a significantly higher proportion of giant fibres compared to the other breeds. Also the diameter of giant fibres was the largest in Pietrain, intermediate in PL and PLW, and the smallest in Duroc and Pulawska pigs. Moreover, current findings indicate that giant fibres may arise from each muscle fibre type (I, IIA and IIB). It is concluded that selection of pigs for increased leanness contributes to the incidence of histopathological changes, which may decrease pork quality.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
146 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review was undertaken to assess the nature and incidence of procedure-related changes in mice, rats and rabbits which received saline solution by intramuscular injection. Data were collected on the injection sites from 7 studies representing 152 animals. The original observations by the different study pathologists from both control and treated animals were evaluated in order to create a glossary of preferred terms to be used in toxicology studies. These standardized terms were then applied to changes observed in the saline-treated animals. The review showed that the most severe of the procedure-related lesions were only of a slight level. Two days post-injection, the local reactions were mainly composed of minimal infiltration by mononuclear cells (lymphocytes and macrophages) with occasional degeneration of myofibres. From 10 to 42 days post-injection, lesions showed regeneration of myofibres and some fibrosis. In rats, the number of injections at each site influenced inflammatory infiltrate and degenerative lesions.
    Experimental and toxicologic pathology: official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie 10/2008; 61(1):13-21. · 1.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The current study was conducted to determine the interactive effects of a glycogen-reducing diet fed to finishing pigs and length of preslaughter transportion on muscle metabolic traits, proteolysis of intermediate filament and costameric proteins, and meat quality traits. Large White gilts and barrows (n = 48) were selected at 88 kg of BW and individually fed for 21 d a diet (2.6 kg/d) either high (HC) or low (LC) in available carbohydrates. Six gilts and 6 barrows fed the HC and LC diets were subjected to 0 or 3 h of transportation on the day of slaughter. Muscle temperature and pH were measured at 0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5, 5.5, and 24 h postmortem in the LM and 24 h postmortem in the dark (STD) and light (STL) portion of the semitendinosus. At 24 h postmortem, glycolytic potential (GP) was determined in the LM, STD, and STL, as well as proteolysis of titin, nebulin, desmin, vinculin, and talin in the LM and STD. The GP was lower (P < 0.05) in muscles from LC-pigs than in muscles from HC-pigs. The LC diet also resulted in lower (P < 0.05) pH, and a darker (P = 0.03), less (P < 0.01) yellow color in the STL. The LC diet decreased (P = 0.04) cooking losses in the STL and STD. The 3-h journey further decreased (P = 0.05) the GP in the STD, regardless of the diet, but transport had no effect (P > or = 0.67) on the GP of the LM and STL. Ultimate pH of the LM was lower (P = 0.02), and both portions of the semitendinosus were darker (P = 0.01) and less yellow (P < 0.01), in pigs transported 3 vs. 0 h. In pigs transported for 3 h, intact vinculin tended to be more (P = 0.08) degraded in the LM, which coincided with lower (P = 0.04) drip losses in the LM of pigs transported for 3 compared with 0 h. Increased (P < 0.01) proteolysis of titin paralleled lower (P = 0.02) shear force values in the STD of pigs transported 3 vs. 0 h. Although the present results demonstrated the potential of a glycogen-reducing diet to alter the GP of different porcine muscles, the effect of these changes on meat quality traits was limited to higher ultimate pH and darker color in the STL. The positive effects of length of transportation on water-holding capacity (LM and STD) and meat color (STD and STL) were only partially related to the resting muscle glycogen concentration because the 3-h transport lowered the GP only in the muscle with the lowest basal glycogen concentration.
    Journal of Animal Science 02/2006; 84(1):191-203. · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In pigs, intensive growth of the musculature is often accompanied by malignant hyperthermia susceptibility (MHS; n gene) and poorer meat quality. Using histological and histochemical methods, different fibre characteristics in the Longissimus muscle were found in Pietrain×German Landrace pigs with this gene defect. Compared to MHS homozygous negative pigs, groups with the n gene had increased diameters of the mean fibre types and increased glycolytic metabolic potential, as shown by a higher frequency of the fast twitch glycolytic type and a lower frequency of the slow twitch oxidative fibre type. Differences between the groups were also found in the number of angular and giant fibre types. Furthermore, a positive correlation was found between the frequency of oxidative fibres and the relative enzyme activity of NADH tetrazolium reductase. The changes correlated with lower pH and higher drip loss in meat from the MHS homozygous positive group. In conclusion, the different muscle fibre characteristics can be interpreted as endogenous factors which influence the physiological condition in the muscle of the live animal and meat quality post mortem.
    Meat Science 09/1999; 53(1):9-15. · 2.75 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
46 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014