Comparative Cytogenetic Analysis of Sex Chromosomes in Several Canidae Species Using Zoo-FISH

Laboratory of Genomics, National Research Institute of Animal Production, Krakowska 1, 32-083 Balice, Poland.
Folia Biologica (Impact Factor: 0.88). 01/2012; 60(1-2):11-6. DOI: 10.3409/fb60_1-2.11-16
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sex chromosome differentiation began early during mammalian evolution. The karyotype of almost all placental mammals living today includes a pair of heterosomes: XX in females and XY in males. The genomes of different species may contain homologous synteny blocks indicating that they share a common ancestry. One of the tools used for their identification is the Zoo-FISH technique. The aim of the study was to determine whether sex chromosomes of some members of the Canidae family (the domestic dog, the red fox, the arctic fox, an interspecific hybrid: arctic fox x red fox and the Chinese raccoon dog) are evolutionarily conservative. Comparative cytogenetic analysis by Zoo-FISH using painting probes specific to domestic dog heterosomes was performed. The results show the presence of homologous synteny covering the entire structures of the X and the Y chromosomes. This suggests that sex chromosomes are conserved in the Canidae family. The data obtained through Zoo-FISH karyotype analysis append information obtained using other comparative genomics methods, giving a more complete depiction of genome evolution.

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