EVEREST II randomized clinical trial: predictors of mitral valve replacement in de novo surgery or after the MitraClip procedure.
ABSTRACT The Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study (EVEREST II) is a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial comparing percutaneous repair with the MitraClip device to mitral valve (MV) surgery in the treatment of mitral regurgitation. The present study analyzed the patient characteristics and treatment effects on mitral repair versus replacement.
Of 279 patients enrolled, 80 surgical patients underwent 82 MV operations and 178 underwent an initial MitraClip procedure, of whom 37 underwent a subsequent MV operation within 1 year of their index the MitraClip procedure. A logistic regression model was used to predict MV replacement according to valve pathology, etiology of mitral regurgitation, age, previous cardiac surgery, and treatment group.
The rate of percutaneous or surgical MV repair at 1 year was 89% (158/178) in patients initially receiving the MitraClip device versus 84% (67/80) in the surgical patients (P = .36). Surgical repair was performed after the MitraClip procedure in 20 (54%) of 37 patients (P < .001 vs surgery). In both the MitraClip device and surgery groups, MV replacement was significantly associated with anterior leaflet pathology (P = .035). Logistic regression analysis showed that anterior leaflet pathology predicted MV replacement. In 5 (13.5%) of 37 patients undergoing surgery after MitraClip therapy, replacement was performed in part because of MV injury associated with the MitraClip procedure.
These data suggest that anterior leaflet pathology is strongly associated with MV replacement in patients undergoing either de novo MV surgery or surgery after MitraClip therapy. MitraClip therapy has a repair rate similar to surgery through 1 year but also imparts a risk of replacement of a potentially repairable valve.
- The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 03/2014; 147(3):850–852. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Transcatheter interventions (TIs) are new treatment options for patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) who cannot undergo open mitral valve surgery (oMVS). Despite the lack of scientific evidence demonstrating the benefit of these procedures, there has been a steady increase in their use. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there are any indication criteria, process, and structural requirements, or scientific society and institutional guidelines for the use of the MitraClip System (Abbott Vascular-Structural Heart, Menlo Park, California, United States). Method A systematic literature search was conducted using the common medical and scientific databases. Of a total of 1,395 publications, 42 publications met the inclusion criteria and were included for the evaluation. Results Despite a general lack of high-quality evidence and of consensus recommendations from scientific societies or institutions, an assessment of indication criteria and process and structural requirements for the use of the MitraClip System, including noncontrolled studies, was possible. The majority of studies agree that an interdisciplinary heart team including a cardiothoracic surgeon, an interventional cardiologist, and an echocardiographic specialist should actively participate in clinical decision making, and in the procedure itself. Participation in a scientific-based registry is strongly recommended. Conclusions The MitraClip System is a promising procedure, but evidence-based indication criteria, structural, and process requirements for its use are lacking. Further results from prospective, randomized controlled trials are needed to determine patients, potential adverse events, device durability, and long-term follow-up. MitraClip should only be used in a small number of centers with procedure-specific, high-quality surgical and interventional experience and training.The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 12/2013; · 0.93 Impact Factor
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology 11/2013; · 15.34 Impact Factor