TIG3 interaction at the centrosome alters microtubule distribution and centrosome function

Department of Biochemistry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA.
Journal of Cell Science (Impact Factor: 5.33). 03/2012; 125(Pt 11):2604-14. DOI: 10.1242/jcs.096495
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT TIG3 is an important pro-differentiation regulator that is expressed in the suprabasal epidermis. We have shown that TIG3 activates selective keratinocyte differentiation-associated processes leading to cornified envelope formation. However, TIG3 also suppresses cell proliferation by an unknown mechanism. Our present studies suggest that cessation of growth is mediated through the impact of TIG3 on the centrosome and microtubules. The centrosome regulates microtubule function in interphase cells and microtubule spindle formation in mitotic cells. We show that TIG3 colocalizes with γ-tubulin and pericentrin at the centrosome. Localization of TIG3 at the centrosome alters microtubule nucleation and reduces anterograde microtubule growth, increases acetylation and detyrosination of α-tubulin, increases insoluble tubulin and drives the formation of a peripheral microtubule ring adjacent to the plasma membrane. In addition, TIG3 suppresses centrosome separation, but not duplication, and reduces cell proliferation. We propose that TIG3 regulates the formation of the peripheral microtubule ring observed in keratinocytes of differentiated epidermis and also has a role in the cessation of proliferation in these cells.

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