Article

TDP-43 and FUS RNA-binding Proteins Bind Distinct Sets of Cytoplasmic Messenger RNAs and Differently Regulate Their Post-transcriptional Fate in Motoneuron-like Cells

Department of Neurology and Laboratory of Neuroscience, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan 20149, Italy.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 03/2012; 287(19):15635-47. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.333450
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The RNA-binding proteins TDP-43 and FUS form abnormal cytoplasmic aggregates in affected tissues of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar dementia. TDP-43 and FUS localize mainly in the nucleus where they regulate pre-mRNA splicing, but they are also involved in mRNA transport, stability, and translation. To better investigate their cytoplasmic activities, we applied an RNA immunoprecipitation and chip analysis to define the mRNAs associated to TDP-43 and FUS in the cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein complexes from motoneuronal NSC-34 cells. We found that they bind different sets of mRNAs although converging on common cellular pathways. Bioinformatics analyses identified the (UG)(n) consensus motif in 80% of 3'-UTR sequences of TDP-43 targets, whereas for FUS the binding motif was less evident. By in vitro assays we validated binding to selected target 3'-UTRs, including Vegfa and Grn for TDP-43, and Vps54, Nvl, and Taf15 for FUS. We showed that TDP-43 has a destabilizing activity on Vegfa and Grn mRNAs and may ultimately affect progranulin protein content, whereas FUS does not affect mRNA stability/translation of its targets. We also demonstrated that three different point mutations in TDP-43 did not change the binding affinity for Vegfa and Grn mRNAs or their protein level. Our data indicate that TDP-43 and FUS recognize distinct sets of mRNAs and differently regulate their fate in the cytoplasm of motoneuron-like cells, therefore suggesting complementary roles in neuronal RNA metabolism and neurodegeneration.

0 Followers
 · 
346 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract TDP-43 is an RNA-binding protein involved in several steps of mRNA metabolism including transcription, splicing and stability. It is also involved in ALS and FTD, neurodegenerative diseases characterized by TDP-43 nuclear depletion. We previously identified TDP-43 as a binder of the downstream element (DSE) of the β-Adducin (Add2) brain-specific polyadenylation site (A4 PAS), suggesting its involvement in pre-mRNA 3' end processing. Here, by using chimeric minigenes, we showed that TDP-43 depletion in HeLa and HEK293 cells resulted in down-regulation of both the chimeric and endogenous Add2 transcripts. Despite having confirmed TDP-43-DSE in vitro interaction, we demonstrated that the in vivo effect was not mediated by the TDP-43-DSE interaction. In fact, substitution of the Add2 DSE with viral E-SV40 and L-SV40 DSEs, which are not TDP-43 targets, still resulted in decreased Add2 mRNA levels after TDP-43 down-regulation. In addition, we failed to show interaction between TDP-43 and key polyadenylation factors, such as CstF-64 and CPSF160 and excluded TDP-43 involvement in pre-mRNA cleavage and regulation of polyA tail length. These evidences allowed us to exclude the pre-hypothesized role of TDP43 in modulating 3' end processing of Add2 pre-mRNA. Finally, we showed that TDP-43 regulates Add2 gene expression levels by increasing Add2 mRNA stability. Considering that Add2 in brain participates in synapse assembly, synaptic plasticity and their stability, and its genetic inactivation in mice leads to LTP, LTD, learning and motor-coordination deficits, we hypothesize that a possible loss of Add2 function by TDP-43 depletion may contribute to ALS and FTD disease states.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by degeneration of the fronto temporal lobes and abnormal protein inclusions. It exhibits a broad clinicopathological spectrum and has been linked to mutations in seven different genes. We will provide a picture, which connects the products of these genes, albeit diverse in nature and function, in a network. Despite the paucity of information available for some of these genes, we believe that RNA processing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression might constitute a common theme in the network. Recent studies have unraveled the role of mutations affecting the functions of RNA binding proteins and regulation of microRNAs. This review will combine all the recent findings on genes involved in the pathogenesis of FTD, highlighting the importance of a common network of interactions in order to study and decipher the heterogeneous clinical manifestations associated with FTD. This approach could be helpful for the research of potential therapeutic strategies.
    Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience 01/2015; 8:9. DOI:10.3389/fnmol.2015.00009
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The RNA-binding protein FUS/TLS, mutation in which is causative of the fatal motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is demonstrated to directly bind to the U1-snRNP and SMN complexes. ALS-causative mutations in FUS/TLS are shown to abnormally enhance their interaction with SMN and dysregulate its function, including loss of Gems and altered levels of small nuclear RNAs. The same mutants are found to have reduced association with U1-snRNP. Correspondingly, global RNA analysis reveals a mutant-dependent loss of splicing activity, with ALS-linked mutants failing to reverse changes caused by loss of wild-type FUS/TLS. Furthermore, a common FUS/TLS mutant-associated RNA splicing signature is identified in ALS patient fibroblasts. Taken together, these studies establish potentially converging disease mechanisms in ALS and spinal muscular atrophy, with ALS-causative mutants acquiring properties representing both gain (dysregulation of SMN) and loss (reduced RNA processing mediated by U1-snRNP) of function.
    Nature Communications 01/2015; 6:6171. DOI:10.1038/ncomms7171 · 10.74 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
197 Downloads
Available from
May 15, 2014