Human apolipoprotein(a) kringle V inhibits ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization via suppression of fibronectin-mediated angiogenesis.

Mogam Biotechnology Research Institute, Yongin, Kyonggi-do, Republic of Korea.
Diabetes (Impact Factor: 7.9). 03/2012; 61(6):1599-608. DOI: 10.2337/db11-1541
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Retinal neovascularization is observed in progression of diabetic retinopathy. New vessels grow into the vitreous cavity in proliferative diabetic retinopathy, resulting in traction retinal detachment and vitreous hemorrhage. To overcome the catastrophic visual loss due to these complications, efforts have been focused on the treatment of retinal neovascularization. In this study, we demonstrated the inhibitory effect of recombinant human apolipoprotein(a) kringle V (rhLK8) in an animal model of ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization. rhLK8 induced no definite toxicity on endothelial cells and retinal tissues at the therapeutic dosage. Interestingly, rhLK8 showed antiangiogenic effect, particularly on fibronectin-mediated migration of endothelial cells. Further experiments demonstrated high binding affinity of rhLK8 to α3β1 integrin, and suppression of it might be the mechanism of antiangiogenic effect of rhLK8. Furthermore, rhLK8 inhibited phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase, resulting in suppression of activation of consequent p130CAS-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase. Taken together, our data suggested the possible application of rhLK8 in the treatment of retinal neovascularization by suppression of fibronectin-mediated angiogenesis.

1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Effective and validated animal models are valuable to investigate the pathogenesis and potential therapeutics for human diseases. There is much concern for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in that it affects substantial number of working population all around the world, resulting in visual deterioration and social deprivation. In this review, we discuss animal models of DR based on different species of animals from zebrafish to monkeys and prerequisites for animal models. Despite criticisms on imprudent use of laboratory animals, we hope that animal models of DR will be appropriately utilized to deepen our understanding on the pathogenesis of DR and to support our struggle to find novel therapeutics against catastrophic visual loss from DR.
    Journal of Biomedical Science 06/2013; 20(1):38. · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis-related blindness (ARB) includes age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinopathy of prematurity, all of which are based on pathologic angiogenesis. Current treatment options such as surgery, laser photocoagulation, and steroid have shown limitations because they do not directly resolve the pathologic events in the retina. Furthermore, recently approved and developed therapeutic drugs only focus on direct inhibition of growth factors and suppression of downstream signaling molecules of activated receptor proteins by orthosteric ligands. In this regard, allosteric regulation of receptors and ligands can be a valuable mechanism in the development of novel drugs for ARB. In this review, we briefly address the clinical significance of ARB for further discussion on allosteric regulation of pathologic angiogenesis for ARB. Interestingly, key molecules in the pathogenesis of ARB can be targets for allosteric regulation, sharing characteristics as allosteric proteins. With investigation of allostery by introducing well-established models for allosteric proteins and currently published novel allosteric modulators, we discuss the potential of allosteric regulation for ARB. In conclusion, we hope that allosteric regulation of pathologic angiogenesis in ARB can open new opportunities for drug development.
    Archives of Pharmacal Research 01/2014; · 1.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiangiogenic activity of AU6, a novel 6-amino acid peptide derived from Kringle V of human apolipoprotein (a). RF/6A rhesus macaque choroid endothelial cells were used for in vitro studies. MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt] assays and modified Boyden chamber and Matrigel assays were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of AU6 on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-stimulated endothelial cell functions, including cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation. The chick chorioallantoic membrane model, micropocket corneal neovascularization (CNV) model, and alkali burn CNV model were evaluated in vivo. Bevacizumab (Avastin), the VEGF-neutralizing antibody, and a scrambled peptide (AU6s) were used as positive and negative controls, respectively. AU6 inhibited VEGF-induced RF/6A cell migration, proliferation, and tube formation. It also reduced pathological neovascularization in the chorioallantoic membrane model and in the 2 CNV models, that is, the mouse corneal micropocket model and the rat cornea alkali burn model. AU6 effectively inhibited pathogenic CNV. This novel peptide shows potential as a new treatment for ocular neovascularization.
    Cornea 01/2014; · 1.75 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 16, 2014

Similar Publications