Influence of royal jelly on the reproductive function of puberty male rats
ABSTRACT The adverse effects of royal jelly on the reproductive system of puberty male rats were investigated. Royal jelly was daily administered by gavage to Sprague-Dawley rats at doses 200, 400, and 800 mg/kg for 4 weeks. The body weight and organ coefficients were determined. Sperm count, spermatozoa abnormality, and testicular histopathology were examined through light microscopy. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect serum hormones. The dietary exposure to royal jelly did not affect body weight, but the organ coefficients for the pituitary and testis in the high-dose group were decreased significantly compared with the control group, and significant changes in the microstructure of the testis were observed. No significant differences in sperm count were observed among all groups, however, the sperm deformity rate in the high-dose group increased significantly. Serum hormones in the high-dose group were significantly different from the control group. After royal jelly was stopped for 14 days, the adverse changes were partially reversed and returned to levels close to those in the control group. In conclusion, high-dose royal jelly oral administration for 4 weeks adversely affected the reproductive system of pubescent male rats, but the unfavorable effects are alleviated to some extent by cessation of administration.
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- "2.5. Expression of genes related to gonadal hormone synthesis and spermatogenesis in testes As described in several reports (Miller, 2011; Shirley et al., 2004; Siu and Cheng, 2004; Yang et al., 2012a), the expressions of genes related to gonadal hormone synthesis and spermatogenesis in testes were analyzed. Gonadal hormone synthesis L.-L. "
ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of a low bisphenol A (BPA) concentration on male reproduction, adult rats were administered a concentration of BPA that was less than the no observable adverse effect level (0.0005–5 mg/kg/bw) for 8 weeks. General toxicity, reproductive hormones, and spermatogenesis were then determined. The expression of genes related to hormone synthesis and spermatogenesis was also analyzed. These BPA concentrations generated no general toxicity and no significant changes on serum hormones. However, the testicular testosterone, hormone synthesis-related genes StAR and Cyp450scc increased, whereas 3β-HSD, 17β-HSD, and Cyp450arom decreased. Additionally, BPA significantly decreased the epithelial height and round spermatids in seminiferous tubules, sperm count, androgen receptor expression, and the expression of the spermatogenesis-related genes outer dense fiber protein 1 (ODF1) and transition protein 1. Our results indicate that a low BPA concentration can induce spermatogenesis disorders mainly through decreasing androgen receptor expression. The present results may bring attention to the risk of environmental BPA exposure.Toxicology Letters 05/2013; 219(2):116–124. DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2013.03.011 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives : The aim of the present study was to evaluate protective effect of royal jelly on sperm parameters, testosterone level, and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in mice. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two adult male NMRI mice weighing 30±2 g were used. All the animals were divided into 4 groups. Control group: received saline 0.1 ml/mouse/day orally for 30 days. Royal jelly group (RJ): received royal jelly at dose of 100 mg/kg daily for 30 days orally. Oxymetholone group: the received Oxymetholone (OX) at dose of 5 mg/kg daily for 30 days orally. Royal jelly+Oxymetholone group: received royal jelly at dose of 100 mg/kg/day orally concomitant with OX administration. Sperm count, sperm motility, viability, maturity, and DNA integrity were analyzed. Furthermore, serum testosterone and MDA concentrations were determined. Results: In Oxymetholone group, sperm count, motility as well as testosterone concentration reduced significantly (p<0.05), while significant (p<0.05) increases in immature sperm, sperm with DNA damaged, and MDA concentration were announced in Oxymetholone group in comparison with control group and Royal jelly+Oxymetholone group. RJ caused partially amelioration in all of the above- mentioned parameters in Royal Jelly+Oxymetholone group. Conclusion: In conclusion, RJ may be used in combination with OX to improve OX-induced oxidative stress and male infertility.Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 07/2014; 4(1):43-52.
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ABSTRACT: Numerous studies have shown that fluoride exposure adversely affected the male reproductive function, while the molecular mechanism is not clear. The present study was to investigate the effects of fluoride exposure (60days) on the expressions of reproductive related genes, serum sex hormone levels and structures of the hypothalamus-pituitary-testicular axis (HPTA), which plays a vital role in regulating the spermatogenesis in male mice. In this study, 48 male mice were administrated with 0, 25, 50, and 100mg/L NaF through drinking water. Results showed that the malformation ratio of sperm was significantly increased (P<0.05). At transcriptional level, the expression levels of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR), inhibin alpha (INHα), inhibin beta-B (INHβB), and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) mRNA in testis were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Moreover, histological lesions in testis and ultrastructural alterations in hypothalamus, pituitary and testis were obvious. However, the same fluoride exposure did not lead to significant changes of related mRNA expressions in hypothalamus and pituitary (P>0.05). Also, there were no marked changes in serum hormones. Taken together, we conclude that the mechanism of HPTA dysfunction is mainly elucidated through affecting testes, and its effect on hypothalamus and pituitary was secondary at exposure for 60days. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Chemosphere 05/2015; 135:297-303. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.04.012 · 3.34 Impact Factor