Erdheim-Chester disease: report of a case with PCR-based analysis of the expression of osteopontin and survivin in Xanthogranulomas following glucocorticoid treatment
ABSTRACT Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a form of non-Langerhans histiocytosis. In this report, we show a case of ECD presenting diabetes insipidus and multiple xanthogranulomas received glucocorticoid treatment over a year. During this period, xanthogranulomas improved in response to the glucocorticoid therapy. Furthermore, the expression of osteopontin in xanthogranulomatous tissues significantly decreased following the treatment. Our data show the expression of osteopontin in xanthogranulomatous tissues of ECD. Furthermore, the osteopontin mRNA decreased following glucocorticoid therapy with xanthogranuloma regression, suggesting that the expression level of osteopontin could be a marker of the disease activity of ECD.