Editorial Are we getting to lipid targets in real life?

Department of Clinical Biochemistry (Vascular Disease Prevention Clinics), Royal Free Hospital Campus, University College London Medical School, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
Archives of medical science : AMS 10/2010; 6(5):639-41. DOI: 10.5114/aoms.2010.17073
Source: PubMed
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  • Angiology 03/2011; 62(6):437-9. DOI:10.1177/0003319710394166 · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has been recently proved useful in the quantitation of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the study was to assess prevalence of CKD according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Cockcroft-Gault, and the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formulae in 412 patients with normal serum creatinine and markers of kidney function/injury such as NGAL, cystatin C, and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) in these patients in relation to age (below and over 65 years). We included in the study 1005 patients with coronary artery disease and normal serum creatinine. However, markers of kidney function/injury were assessed in 412 patients. The NGAL, cystatin C and KIM-1, were assessed using commercially available kits. Patients over 65 years had significantly lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) than their younger counterparts despite identical creatinine. They also had significantly lower haematocrit, despite similar Hb, lower platelet count, higher serum fibrinogen, higher systolic (SBP) and lower diastolic blood pressure, higher serum NGAL and cystatin C, but similar urinary NGAL and KIM-1. Serum NGAL correlated with age, haematocrit, leukocyte, platelet and erythrocyte count, eGFR, creatinine, fasting glucose, HbA(1c), fibrinogen, SBP, and diabetes duration. In multiple regression analysis kidney function (eGFR, creatinine clearance or creatinine), cystatin C and SBP were predictors of serum NGAL. In our study we found a very high prevalence of CKD up to 61% in elderly patients with coronary artery disease and normal serum creatinine. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin could be a sensitive marker of kidney function, particularly in elderly patients with another risk factor for kidney damage, i.e. hypertension.
    08/2011; 7(4):658-64. DOI:10.5114/aoms.2011.24136
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    ABSTRACT: The primary goal of lipid-lowering therapy is the attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target levels. The MULTI GAP (MULTI Goal Attainment Problem) 2010 is a part of surveys started a few years ago, in which the lipid results of 1540 patients treated by general practitioners (GPs) and specialists were measured. The data were compared to the results of similar studies involving 15,580 patients between 2004 and 2009. In 2010 the mean LDL-C level (± SD) of patients treated by GPs was found to be 3.01 ±1.0 mmol/l. The target of 2.50 mmol/l was achieved by 32%, with a mean LDL-C level of 2.84 ±1.0 mmol/l and an achievement rate of 39% in patients treated by specialists. The results of comparisons starting from 2004 showed a marked improvement every year in the beginning, but in the last 3 years stagnation was observed. In 2010 in addition to the MULTI GAP main study, a group of physicians took part in special training called the Plus Program. As a result of this, the LDL-C level was 0.18 mmol/l lower in 114 of the GPs' patients (p = 0.088) and 0.27 mmol/l (p < 0.0001) lower in 313 of the specialists' patients, with a significantly better, 42% (p = 0.045) and 50% (p = 0.001), goal attainment rate, respectively. The 2010 MULTI GAP study shows that the quality of lipid-lowering therapy in Hungary seems to be in stagnation. The results of the PLUS Program suggest that continuous training of doctors is the key to further improvement.
    10/2011; 7(5):760-6. DOI:10.5114/aoms.2011.25549
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