Access to care for the adolescent anterior cruciate ligament patient with Medicaid versus private insurance.
ABSTRACT To determine the potential impact of type of health insurance on access to outpatient orthopaedic care for an adolescent patient with an acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.
The offices of 42 orthopaedic surgeons in the Greater Cincinnati area, to include Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky were contacted on 2 separate occasions describing a fictitious 14-year-old male with an acute ACL tear. The 2 calls were separated by a period of 2 to 4 weeks. The independent variable was the patient's insurance status, reported as either Medicaid or private insurance. Statistical comparison of the rates of successful appointment scheduling was performed through the Fisher exact test.
Thirty-eight of 42 Orthopaedic surgery practices (90%) offered the privately insured 14-year-old ACL patient an appointment within 2 weeks, while only 6 of 42 (14%) offered the Medicaid patient such an appointment. The difference in these rates was statistically significant (P<0.0001) with the odds of getting an appointment with private insurance being 57 times higher than that with Medicaid (95% confidence interval: 12.87, 288.62).
Access to orthopaedic care for children on Medicaid continues to be a problem in the United States. Previous pediatric studies have documented that the reason for these discrepancies in access are related primarily to Medicaid reimbursement rates (approximately 23% of private insurance). Ours is the first study to show that these same limitations exist for teenagers with acute knee injuries likely to require surgery.
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ABSTRACT: Access to orthopaedic care for pediatric patients has been shown in previous studies to be decreased for patients with Medicaid compared with those with private insurance. The relationship between type of insurance and access to care for adult patients with acute rotator cuff tears has not yet been examined. This study aimed to determine if type of health insurance would have an impact on access to care for an adult patient with an acute rotator cuff tear. Seventy-one orthopaedic surgery practices within the state of North Carolina were randomly selected and contacted on 2 different occasions separated by 3 weeks. The practices were presented with an appointment request for a fictitious 42-year-old man with an acute rotator cuff tear. Insurance status was reported as Medicaid for the first call and as private insurance during the second call. Of the 71 practices contacted, 51 (72%) offered the patient with Medicaid an appointment, whereas 68 (96%) offered the patient with private insurance an appointment. The difference in these rates was statistically significant (P < .001). The likelihood of patients with private insurance obtaining an appointment was 8.8 times higher than that of patients with Medicaid (95% CI: 2.5, 31.5). For patients with acute rotator cuff tears, access to care is decreased for those with Medicaid compared with those with private insurance. Patients with private insurance are 8.8 times more likely than those with Medicaid to obtain an appointment.Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 10/2013; 22(12). DOI:10.1016/j.jse.2013.07.051 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is expected to increase health care availability through Medicaid expansion. The objective of this study was to evaluate potential effects of the PPACA by examining access to total hip arthroplasty in Southern California. 39 orthopaedic surgeons were called to schedule a hip arthroplasty. Insurances used included a Preferred Provider Organization (PPO), Medicare, and three income-based insurances. There was a significant difference in acceptance rate when comparing PPO and Medicare patients with income-based insurances (P<0.001). This study showed that in Southern California, patients with income-based insurances are limited in the number of surgeons from whom they can receive care. Thus, although the PPACA will increase the number of insured patients, it may not similarly increase access to providers.The Journal of arthroplasty 12/2013; 29(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arth.2013.11.022 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:There have been no population-based studies to evaluate the rate of pediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE:The primary aim of the current study was to determine the yearly rate of ACL reconstruction over the past 20 years in New York State. Secondary aims were to determine the age distribution for ACL reconstruction and determine whether patient demographic and socioeconomic factors were associated with ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN:Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS:The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database contains a census of all hospital admissions and ambulatory surgery in New York State. This database was used to identify pediatric ACL reconstructions between 1990 and 2009; ICD-9-CM (International Classification of Diseases, 9 Revision, Clinical Modification) and CPT-4 (Current Procedural Terminology, 4th Revision) codes were used to identify reconstructions. Patient sex, age, race, family income, education, and insurance status were assessed. RESULTS:The rate of ACL reconstruction per 100,000 population aged 3 to 20 years has been increasing steadily over the past 20 years, from 17.6 (95% confidence interval [CI], 16.4-18.9) in 1990 to 50.9 (95% CI, 48.8-53.0) in 2009. The peak age for ACL reconstruction in 2009 was 17 years, at a rate of 176.7 (95% CI, 160.9-192.5). In 2009, the youngest age at which ACL reconstruction was performed was 9 years. The rate of ACL reconstruction in male patients was about 15% higher than in females, and ACL reconstruction was 6-fold more common in patients with private health insurance compared with those enrolled in Medicaid. CONCLUSION:This study is the first to quantify the increasing rate of ACL reconstructions in the skeletally immature. Only ACL reconstructions were assessed, and it is possible that some ACL tears in children are not diagnosed or are treated nonoperatively. The rate of ACL tears in New York State is likely higher than the rate of reconstructions reported in this study.Significance:This study quantifies the increasing rate of ACL reconstruction in the skeletally immature and suggests that there may be some disparities in care based on insurance status.The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/2014; 42(3). DOI:10.1177/0363546513518412 · 4.70 Impact Factor