Flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 gene polymorphisms in Turkish population.
ABSTRACT Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) represent the second most important human monooxygenase system, after cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and catalyze the oxygenation of many chemicals containing nitrogen-, sulphur-, phosphorous-, selenium- and other nucleophilic heteroatoms. FMO3 is the prominent FMO form in adult human liver. For FMO3, both interindividual variability within a single ethnic group and variability between ethnic groups have been reported. In our study, three prevalent functional FMO3 variants (E158K, V257M, and E308G) were genotyped in healthy Turkish people by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) methods. The frequencies of alleles and haplotypes were compared with those obtained from different populations. It was found that FMO3 158K, 257M and 308G alleles, demonstrate impaired metabolism toward many FMO3 substrates, were observed frequently in Turkish population similar to the other populations. Also, the frequencies of haplotypes were determined based on individual allelic frequencies and it was observed that the most common haplotypes were haplotip EVE and KVE (E158K/V257M/E308G), which together accounted for 80% of all haplotypes. The obtained data from the present study could be useful for further studies assessing sensitivity to therapeutic drugs, environmental toxicants and common disease.
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ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to analyze flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) polymorphisms and allele and genotype frequencies in 256 Han Chinese and 50 African-American individuals, to compare the allele and genotype frequencies of these populations with those of other world populations. For Han Chinese, genotyping of three common single nucleotide polymorphisms, E158K, V257M and E308G was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). For African-Americans, genotyping of all coding exons was performed by modified PCR-single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP). Evolutionary rates of FMO3 were estimated computationally. We found that there were significant differences in allele and genotype frequencies among Han Chinese, African-Americans and other world populations. In Han Chinese, the minor allele frequencies (MAFs) were 0.229 (E158K), 0.203 (V257M) and 0.148 (E308G), respectively. In African-Americans, MAFs were 0.48 (E158K), 0.05 (V257M) and 0 (E308G), respectively. There was rapid evolution during the divergence of primate FMO3. This is the first report comparing FMO alleles and genotypes between Han Chinese and African-Americans. A Han Chinese population database has been established for three gene polymorphisms. The data presented here justify further pharmacogenetic studies for potentially optimizing recommended drug dosages and evaluating relationships with disease processes.Cell Biochemistry and Function 01/2007; 25(4):443-53. · 1.85 Impact Factor
Article: CYP2D6 multiallelism.Methods in Enzymology 02/1996; 272:199-210. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this report, we compare and contrast three previously published Bayesian methods for inferring haplotypes from genotype data in a population sample. We review the methods, emphasizing the differences between them in terms of both the models ("priors") they use and the computational strategies they employ. We introduce a new algorithm that combines the modeling strategy of one method with the computational strategies of another. In comparisons using real and simulated data, this new algorithm outperforms all three existing methods. The new algorithm is included in the software package PHASE, version 2.0, available online (http://www.stat.washington.edu/stephens/software.html).The American Journal of Human Genetics 12/2003; 73(5):1162-9. · 11.20 Impact Factor