Article

Caveolin-1 silencing arrests the proliferation of metastatic lung cancer cells through the inhibition of STAT3 signaling.

Department of Experimental Pathology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
Cellular signalling (Impact Factor: 4.09). 03/2012; 24(7):1390-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2012.02.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cav-1 is an essential structural constituent of caveolae implicated in mitogenic signaling, oncogenesis, angiogenesis, neurodegenerative diseases and senescence. Its role as a tumor suppressor gene or as a tumor promoter seems to strictly depend on cell type and tumor stage/grade. The high expression of Cav-1 in some tumors in vivo, amongst which lung adenocarcinoma, is associated with increased tumor aggressiveness, metastatic potential and suppression of apoptosis. In the present study we investigated the role of Cav-1 in metastatic lung cancer proliferation. Cell lines were from metastatic lesions of lung adenocarcinoma (RAL) and of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC-R1), in which we found Cav-1 expressed at high levels. Results show that siRNA-mediated down-regulation of Cav-1 caused stable arrest of proliferation in both cell lines. A marked reduction of cyclin D1 and of CDK4 expression was evident in the cells transfected with Cav-1 siRNA and consequently of phospho-Rb on ser(795) and ser(780). Furthermore, a significant decrease of the expression of phosphorylated AKT and of its down-stream effectors phosphorylated ERK and STAT3 was evident. Together, these findings indicate that Cav-1 silencing induces an arrest of human metastatic lung proliferation in vitro by a new inhibitory pathway in lung cancer and provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the pro-survival and tumor-promoting functions of Cav-1.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
52 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Caveolae are non-clathrin invaginations of the plasma membrane in most cell types; they are involved in signalling functions and molecule trafficking, thus modulating several biological functions, including cell growth, apoptosis and angiogenesis. The major structural protein in caveolae is caveolin-1, which is known to act as a key regulator in cancer onset and progression through its role as a tumour suppressor. Caveolin-1 can also promote cell proliferation, survival and metastasis as well as chemo- and radioresistance. Here, we discuss recent findings and novel concepts that support a role for caveolin-1 in cancer development and its distant spreading. We also address the potential application of caveolin-1 in tumour therapy and diagnosis.
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 03/2013; · 4.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study explored the effects of caveolin-1, p-ERK1/2 and transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6) on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced glomerular mesangial cell (GMC) proliferation, and investigated the role of Ang II on GMC proliferation. GMC cultures were divided into Control, Ang II (Ang II 10(-7 )mol/L), PD98059 (Ang II 10(-7 )mol/L + PD98059 5 × 10(-5 )mol/L) and MβCD groups (Ang II 10(-7 )mol/L + MβCD 10(-2 )mol/L). GMCs proliferation was measured by the methyl thiazolil tetracolium and trypan blue assays. The distribution of caveolin-1, p-ERK1/2 and TRPC6 was monitored by immunocytochemistry. Real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to assess mRNA expression of caveolin-1 and TRPC6. Western blot analysis was used to assess protein expression of caveolin-1, p-ERK1/2 and TRPC6. The results showed that Ang II promoted GMC proliferation. PD98059 and MβCD blocked Ang II-induced GMC proliferation, by 31.06% and 48.96%, respectively. In comparison with the control group, the expression of p-ERK1/2 and TRPC6 was significantly higher and caveolin-1 expression was significantly lower in the Ang II group. PD98059 markedly decreased p-ERK1/2 and TRPC6 expression and increased caveolin-1 expression. MβCD decreased the expression of p-ERK1/2 and TRPC6, but had no significant effect on caveolin-1 protein expression. These findings suggested that the intact caveolae structure was associated with Ang II-induced GMC proliferation, ERK1/2 activation and TRPC6 expression. And p-ERK1/2 acted as an upstream signal molecule for TRPC6. Moreover, p-ERK1/2 and caveolin-1 appeared to be inhibited reciprocally, thus regulated GMC proliferation by regulating TRPC6 expression.
    Renal Failure 07/2013; · 0.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the relationships of caveolin-1 expression with clinical pathologic parameters and the prognosis of patients with large cell lung carcinoma. This study also explored the roles of caveolin-1 in cell invasiveness, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, and non-small cell lung carcinoma activity in vitro. A total of 120 tissue samples were immunohistochemically analyzed for caveolin-1 expression. Cell invasion ability was measured by a Transwell invasion assay. Protein expression was assessed by Western blotting. MMP activity was detected by gelatin zymography. Caveolin-1 was expressed in 54 of 120 (45.0%) cases of large cell lung carcinoma. Caveolin-1 expression was significantly correlated with node status (N0 vs. N1, N2, and N3; P=0.005) and advanced pTNM stage (Stages I and II vs. Stage III, P<0.001). Patients with caveolin-1-positive expression had a poorer prognosis than did those with caveolin-1-negative expression (P<0.001). The knockdown of caveolin-1 in H460 and 95D cells reduced the invasive ability of the cells and the expression of phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2, MMP2, and MMP9; the protein level and activity of MMP2 and MMP9 were also decreased by the inhibition of EGFR activity in H460 and 95D cells. The expression of caveolin-1 was positively correlated with an advanced pathologic stage. Thus, caveolin-1 could act as a predictor of a poor prognosis in patients with large cell lung carcinoma. In addition, the downregulation of caveolin-1 reduced both the invasive ability of tumor cells and the protein and activity levels of MMP2 and MMP9 in vitro, suggesting the involvement of EGFR/MMP signaling in this process.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 04/2014; · 1.21 Impact Factor