Article

An evidence based review of proton beam therapy: The report of ASTRO's emerging technology committee

Davidoff Center, Tel Aviv University, Petach Tikvah, Israel.
Radiotherapy and Oncology (Impact Factor: 4.86). 03/2012; 103(1):8-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2012.02.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Proton beam therapy (PBT) is a novel method for treating malignant disease with radiotherapy. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the state of the science of PBT and arrive at a recommendation for the use of PBT. The emerging technology committee of the American Society of Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) routinely evaluates new modalities in radiotherapy and assesses the published evidence to determine recommendations for the society as a whole. In 2007, a Proton Task Force was assembled to evaluate the state of the art of PBT. This report reflects evidence collected up to November 2009. Data was reviewed for PBT in central nervous system tumors, gastrointestinal malignancies, lung, head and neck, prostate, and pediatric tumors. Current data do not provide sufficient evidence to recommend PBT in lung cancer, head and neck cancer, GI malignancies, and pediatric non-CNS malignancies. In hepatocellular carcinoma and prostate cancer and there is evidence for the efficacy of PBT but no suggestion that it is superior to photon based approaches. In pediatric CNS malignancies PBT appears superior to photon approaches but more data is needed. In large ocular melanomas and chordomas, we believe that there is evidence for a benefit of PBT over photon approaches. PBT is an important new technology in radiotherapy. Current evidence provides a limited indication for PBT. More robust prospective clinical trials are needed to determine the appropriate clinical setting for PBT.

Full-text

Available from: Lei Dong, May 29, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
106 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to present the preliminary results of proton radiotherapy as a method for treating 15 patients with choroidal melanoma. The proton radiotherapy was administered using beams providing energy levels of 60 MeV, which ensures a clinical range of 28.4 mm. In addition, the beam has a very narrow penumbra of 1.3 mm and a sharp distal dose fall-off. All patients received the dose of 60 CGE (cobalt gray equivalent) given to the PTV (planning target volume). This dose was administered in 4 fractions over 4 successive days of treatment. The tumour had regressed in 8 patients (53.3%) and remained stable in 3 patients (20%). The large tumours in another 3 patients (20%) were removed during vitrectomy (endoresection), which increased the number of patients with tumour regression up to 11 (73.3%). In the case of 1 patient, despite intraocular tumour regression occurring the choroidal melanoma had spread multifocally into the orbit, which necessitated orbit exenteration. The results ensured that the eyeballs of 14 patients (93.3%) could be saved. The follow-up period for the 15 patients ranged between 8 and 26 months (average: 17.4 months, median: 19 months). In this period some side effects were noted: an increase in intraocular pressure, retinal detachment, cataract, maculopathy, neuropathy and vitreous haemorrhaging. The preliminary results confirm that proton radiotherapy is an effective method for treating patients with choroidal melanoma. This method ensures an eyeball preservation rate of 93%, with the vision function of 80% of the patients being saved.
    Contemporary Oncology / Wspólczesna Onkologia 06/2014; 18(5):359-366. DOI:10.5114/wo.2014.42233 · 0.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas among children. Patients who developed genitourinary/pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma (GU/P-RMS) have a higher complication ratio and relatively poorer event free survival, with local therapy being very important. While proton beam therapy (PBT) is expected to reduce co-morbidity, especially for children, this lacks firm evidence and analysis. We analyzed GU/P-RMS children who had undergone multimodal therapy combined with PBT at a single institution. We retrospectively reviewed charts of children with GU/P-RMS treated from January 2007 to May 2013 at the University of Tsukuba Hospital who had undergone multimodal therapy with PBT. There were 5 children and their median age at diagnosis was 2.8 years (0.6-4.4 years). Primary sites were the bladder (2) and the prostate (3). All received neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and 3 underwent chemotherapy during PBT (Group Cx). All patients of Group Cx developed leukocytopenia (WBC <1000/μL). The median dose of PBT was 47.7 GyE (41.4-50.4 GyE). All patients survived by their last hospital visit (median, 36 months). We analyzed multimodal treatment combined with PBT applied for GU/P-RMS. PBT was well tolerated and could be a plausible choice instead of photon therapy for this population.
    Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy 01/2015; 20(3). DOI:10.1016/j.rpor.2014.12.003
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Charged particle beam therapy has been used for almost 60 years. During the initial 40 years, the medical use of protons and heavy ions was explored at accelerator laboratories in a limited number of patients and for a limited number of cancerous and non-cancerous disease conditions. After the development of computed tomography and 3D treatment planning, it was time to move charged particle therapy into the clinical realm. This happened in October 1991 when an ocular melanoma patient became the first patient to be treated at Loma Linda University Medical Center in California. Due to the increased awareness of the advantages of charged particle therapy and promising results of single-institution experiences, one currently observes a phase of rapid expansion of proton treatment centers throughout the world. A few of these centers are combined proton/carbon ion facilities. It is very important that the technological evolution of charged particle therapy will continue during this phase of clinical expansion to ensure that the increasing number of patients exposed to therapeutic charged particles will benefit most from the advantageous dose distributions that these particles afford. This report will give an overview of translational research activities related to planning and verification of proton therapy in which the authors have been involved for a number of years. While our activities focus on protons, these developments are to a large degree also applicable to carbon ion therapy.
    Translational Cancer Research 10/2012; 1(3):184-195. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.2218-676X.2012.10.07