Portal hemodynamic effects of sorafenib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: a prospective cohort study.
ABSTRACT Sorafenib is currently in clinical use as an oral multikinase inhibitor that blocks tumor growth and cell proliferation in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been demonstrated in a translating study that sorafenib had a beneficial effect on portocollateral circulation in cirrhotic animals with portal hypertension. This study was prospectively performed to evaluate the portal hemodynamic effect of sorafenib in patients with advanced HCC using duplex Doppler ultrasonography (DDU).
Twenty-five Child-Pugh class-A patients with advanced HCC had received sorafenib at a dose of 400 mg twice daily. Primary outcomes were changes in portal venous area (PVA; cm(2)) as seen by using DDU before and after a 2-week administration of sorafenib. Secondary outcomes included the changes of laboratory data and other flow data revealed on DDU.
PVA was significantly decreased after a 2-week administration (0.78 ± 0.23 vs. 0.64 ± 0.25, P = 0.023), while the portal venous flow velocity (PVV; cm/s) was not significantly changed (0.22 ± 0.06 vs. 0.24 ± 0.07, P = 0.17). Therefore, the congestion index (PVA/PVV), which reflects the pathophysiological hemodynamics of portal venous system, was significantly decreased (3.9 ± 1.7 vs. 3.0 ± 1.4, P = 0.042).
We demonstrated the portal hemodynamic effect of sorafenib in patients with advanced HCC. Considering that this was a short-term study, because sorafenib could be a potential beneficial therapeutic agent for portal hypertension, it will be necessary to verify its clinical benefits for portal hypertension in future studies.
SourceAvailable from: Roberto Jose Firpi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is currently the only approved systemic therapy shown to have efficacy in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies suggest that hepatitis C (HCV)-related HCC patients derive more clinical benefit from sorafenib than other subgroups, but the mechanism for this effect is unknown. In vitro data suggest that sorafenib may exert anti-viral properties, and thus our aim in this study was to evaluate potential anti-viral activity of sorafenib in patients with HCV-related HCC. AIM: To evaluate potential anti-viral activity of sorafenib in patients with HCV-related HCC. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with HCV-related HCC treated with sorafenib for up to 6 months. Baseline clinical, viral and oncologic data were collected. Patients' HCV viral loads were obtained at various time points, and compared with their baseline viral levels. No patients received any known anti-viral therapy during this time. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients were identified with baseline and subsequent HCV levels available for analysis. Six patients completed 6 months of full dose sorafenib, and comparisons of their HCV viral loads showed no significant change at week 24 (difference of means = 0.3500, CI: -0.1799-0.8799, P = 0.150), or the interim time points. Similarly, the HCV viral loads of all patients who received sorafenib and the viral loads of those patients who had tumour response to sorafenib showed no significant changes at any time point. CONCLUSION: Despite preclinical data and previous subgroup analyses suggesting that sorafenib has an anti-viral effect against HCV, this study suggests that sorafenib lacks significant anti-viral activity in HCV patients with HCC.Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 10/2012; 37(1). DOI:10.1111/apt.12098 · 4.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study investigated the survival benefits of sorafenib vs. radiotherapy (RT) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) in the main trunk or the first branch.BMC Gastroenterology 05/2014; 14(1):84. DOI:10.1186/1471-230X-14-84 · 2.11 Impact Factor