[Combined spinal epidural anesthesia in a patient with advanced kyphoscoliosis].
ABSTRACT Kyphoscoliosis is a progressive disease that worsens with age. While applying anesthesia, kyphosis and/or scoliosis can lead to difficulty in both during endotracheal intubation and also performing regional interventional technics. In addition to aging and the direct effects of deformity such as neurological deficities and immobility; deterioration in cardiopulmonary functions can also develop in these patients. In this case, we aimed to report combined spinal epidural anesthesia experience in a-60-year-old woman with advanced kyphoscoliosis who underwent left femur periprostetic fracture operation. Spinal anesthesia was performed through L3-L4 intervertebral space by single dose of 10 mg %0.5 hyperbaric bupivacaine and epidural catheter was taken in for additional anesthesia and postoperative analgesia. Sufficient sensorial and motor block was provided and sensorial block was highen up to T6 dermatome level. There was no complication during the peroperative period and succesful anesthesia was established. Finally we conclude that combined spinal epidural anesthesia is a good alternative to general anesthesia in both reducing and preventing hemodynamic and respiratory complications for an elderly patient with kyphoscoliosis.