Metformin for treatment of antipsychotic-induced weight gain: a randomized, placebo-controlled study.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the efficacy of metformin for treatment of antipsychotic-induced weight gain.
Seventy-two patients with first-episode schizophrenia who gained more than 7% of their predrug weight were randomly assigned to receive 1000 mg/d of metformin or placebo in addition to their ongoing treatment for 12 weeks using a double-blind study design. The primary outcome was change in body weight. The secondary outcomes included changes in body mass index, fasting glucose and insulin, and insulin resistance index.
Of the 72 patients who were randomly assigned, 66 (91.6%) completed treatments. The body weight, body mass index, fasting insulin and insulin resistance index decreased significantly in the metformin group, but increased in the placebo group during the 12-week follow-up period. Significantly more patients in the metformin group lost their baseline weight by more than 7%, which was the cutoff for clinically meaningful weight loss. Metformin was tolerated well by majority patients.
Metformin was effective and safe in attenuating antipsychotic-induced weight gain and insulin resistance in first-episode schizophrenia patients. Patients displayed good adherence to metformin.
- Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine 04/2013; 35(2):117-20.
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ABSTRACT: Metformin, a biguanide is well known treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus that has diverse mechanism of actions. Various studies have elucidated the role of this drug in different pathologies. The well-known United Kingdom Prospective Diabetic Study (UKPDS) has observed its survival benefits in a large cohort of individuals. Data has been conclusive that metformin also has beneficial role in lipid disorders as it improves the markers of metabolic syndrome. Studies have also shown the beneficial roles in antipsychotic induced weight gain as well as HIV lipodystrophy syndrome. Evidence is accumulating that metformin also improves the fertility in females with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). It also delays aging and is effective in aging related disorders and is equally effective in inflammation related disorders at least in different rodent studies. Metformin's major effect has been shown in various cancers ranging from solid to hematological malignancies. Researchers are working to reveal more benefits of this magic drug but it remains an unexplored territory for the medical community.European Journal of Internal Medicine 11/2012; · 2.05 Impact Factor