Article

Preparing a scientific report to the General Assembly on 'Exposures due to the nuclear accident following the Great East-Japan earthquake and tsunami'

Chair of UNSCEAR, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria.
Journal of Radiological Protection (Impact Factor: 1.32). 03/2012; 32(1):N113-8. DOI: 10.1088/0952-4746/32/1/N113
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT At its 58th session in May 2011, the United Nations Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) decided to carry out, once sufficient information was available, a full assessment of the levels of exposure and radiation risks attributable to the Fukushima accident. It envisages a preliminary document for consideration at its 59th session in May of 2012 and a more complete report for the 60th session of the Committee in 2013. This paper summarises the aims and objectives of the project, the scope, the working arrangements as well as the relation of the work to other activities.

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    • "However , the latter studies , dealing with the first 2 months after the accident , did not take into account the external irradiation from sediment in the coastal zone . The uncertainties associated with dose estimates to non - human spe - cies in the early studies , along with the need to establish the significance of these doses in terms of effects to the marine biota , prompted the UNSCEAR to approach this issue shortly after the accident ( Weiss , 2012 ) . There are very few reports of radiation effects in sensitive end - points of marine biota for both acute high doses and chronic low dose rates . "
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    ABSTRACT: The World Health Organization (WHO) has responded to the 2011 East-Japan earthquake and tsunami through the three levels of its decentralised structure. It has provided public health advice regarding a number of issues relating to protective measures, potassium iodide use, as well as safety of food and drinking water, mental health, travel, tourism, and trade. WHO is currently developing an initial health risk assessment linked to a preliminary evaluation of radiation exposure around the world from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. Lessons learned from this disaster are likely to help future emergency response to multi-faceted disasters.
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