Impact of age on clinicopathological outcomes and recurrence-free survival after the surgical management of nonseminomatous germ cell tumour.
ABSTRACT Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The effect of advancing age on the clinicopathological outcomes of men with germ cell testicular cancers remains uncertain. Through the review and comparison of the present large cohort of men with testis cancer, we report on our experience in men aged ≥50 years. Our results showed similar clinical and pathological characteristics, and survival outcomes that compare favourably with those of men aged <50 years.
• To determine the impact of age on clinicopathological findings and disease recurrence in men with nonseminomatous germ cell tumour (NSGCT) undergoing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND).
• We identified 1246 patients with NSGCT who underwent either primary or post-chemotherapy-RPLND (PC-RPLND) between 1989 and 2006 from our prospective testis cancer database. • Perioperative characteristics were compared among men aged < or ≥50 years. • Multivariable models were used to evaluate the association of age with disease-free survival, controlling for established clinical and pathological features.
• Of 514 men undergoing primary and 732 men undergoing PC-RPLND, 12 (2.3%) and 23 (3.1%) were aged ≥50 years, respectively. • There were no significant differences between men aged < or ≥50 years for perioperative clinicopathological characteristics, with the exception of pre-RPLND CT nodal size. • The pathological distributions at primary RPLND were similar in men aged < or ≥50 years. After PC-RPLND, there were no differences in RPLND histology, number of lymph nodes resected, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, or perioperative complication rate. • Age at surgery was not a significant predictor of disease recurrence when subjected to a multivariable analysis.
• Our data suggests that age at RPLND does not predict for disease recurrence and men aged ≥50 years had similar pre- and postoperative characteristics to those aged <50 years. • We conclude that RPLND can be safely performed in men aged ≥50 years and these patients should be offered optimal treatment regimens for NSGCT as directed according to established guidelines.
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ABSTRACT: Advances in medical science have led to effective treatments for cancer; however, there are myriad myths and biases related to older people and cancer that pervade both patients' and professionals' ideas on causation, course of illness, treatment, and recovery, and act as hindrances to early detection, treatment, and rehabilitation. The geriatric population is comprised of a heterogeneous group of persons who are not categorized easily according to chronologic age. Health care professionals are particularly susceptible to ageist stereotyping and negative attitudes toward the elderly because they lack training in caring for older people. In the future, the elderly will be better educated, expect greater participation in decision-making, and be less likely to postpone entry into the medical care system. There is a need to educate both health care professionals and the elderly population about the myths and realities of cancer detection and treatment.Cancer 11/1994; 74(7 Suppl):2004-8. · 5.20 Impact Factor
Article: Testicular germ-cell cancer.New England Journal of Medicine 08/1997; 337(4):242-53. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous Commission on Cancer data from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) have examined time trends in stage of disease, treatment patterns, and survival for selected cancers. In the current study data relating to patients diagnosed with testicular carcinoma in 1985, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, and 1996 are described. The data reported in this review were collected from hospital cancer registries from across the U.S. Case information is submitted to the NCDB following guidelines established by the North American Association of Central Registries. Data items include patient demographics, tumor characteristics, initial course of therapy, and follow-up status. Eight calls for data have yielded a total of 6.9 million cases for the years 1985-1996, including 2280 testicular carcinoma cases in 1985-1986, 5677 cases in 1990-1991, and 7452 cases in 1995-1996. These data represent approximately 22.6%, 47.3%, and 51.4%, respectively, of the estimated cases of testicular carcinoma diagnosed in the U.S. in each of these 3 respective time periods. Cases diagnosed and reported to the NCDB between 1985-1991 and that had been staged according to the 4th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) manual for the staging of cancer (1567) were used in the analysis of survival outcomes. Four principle findings are reported. First, young men (age < 25 years) are diagnosed with advanced stage nonseminomatous germ cell tumors more frequently than are older men (age >/= 30 years). Second, although surgery and concomitant radiation are the standard therapy for early stage seminomas, surgery alone increasingly is being used. In the treatment of patients with advanced stage seminomas the use of surgery and radiation has declined slightly whereas surgery with concomitant chemotherapy appears to be employed with greater frequency. Third, surgery alone is the treatment of choice for patients with early stage nonseminomatous germ cell tumors and has been employed with increasing frequency over the three time periods studied. The use of surgery and concomitant chemotherapy has remained relatively stable over time in the treatment of patients with advanced stage nonseminomas. And fourth, survival rates decrease with increasing AJCC stage of disease. The NCDB data regarding testicular carcinoma highlight a number of important trends in the presentation and management of testicular tumors. These trends not only evaluate new protocols of treatment but also can be used to direct new strategies toward achieving earlier patient presentation.Cancer 11/1999; 86(10):2171-83. · 5.20 Impact Factor