Article

# Parent Hamiltonian for the non-Abelian chiral spin liquid

Physical Review B (Impact Factor: 3.66). 01/2012; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.165125

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**We propose 1D and 2D lattice wave functions constructed from the SU(n)_1 Wess–Zumino–Witten (WZW) model and derive their parent Hamiltonians. When all spins in the lattice transform under SU(n) fundamental representations, we obtain a two-body Hamiltonian in 1D, including the SU(n) Haldane–Shastry model as a special case. In 2D, we show that the wave function converges to a class of Halperin's multilayer fractional quantum Hall states and belongs to chiral spin liquids. Our result reveals a hidden SU(n) symmetry for this class of Halperin states. When the spins sit on bipartite lattices with alternating fundamental and conjugate representations, we provide numerical evidence that the state in 1D exhibits quantum criticality deviating from the expected behaviors of the SU(n)_1 WZW model, while in 2D they are chiral spin liquids being consistent with the prediction of the SU(n)_1 WZW model.Nuclear Physics B 07/2014; 886:328. · 3.95 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**A scheme is proposed to classify integer and fractional topological quantum states of fermions in two spatial dimensions. We devise models for such states by coupling wires of non-chiral Luttinger liquids of electrons, that are arranged in a periodic array. Which inter-wire couplings are allowed is dictated by symmetry and the compatibility criterion that they can simultaneously acquire a finite expectation value, opening a spectral gap between the ground state(s) and all excited states in the bulk. First, with these criteria at hand, we reproduce the tenfold classification table of integer topological insulators, where their stability against interactions becomes immediately transparent in the Luttinger liquid description. Second, we expand the table to long-range entangled topological phases with intrinsic topological order and fractional excitations.03/2014; -
##### Article: Gapped and gapless spin liquid phases on the Kagome lattice from chiral three-spin interactions

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**ABSTRACT:**We argue that a relatively simple model containing only SU(2)-invariant chiral three-spin interactions on a Kagome lattice of S=1/2 spins can give rise to both a gapped and a gapless quantum spin liquid. Our arguments are rooted in a formulation in terms of network models of edge states and are backed up by a careful numerical analysis. For a uniform choice of chirality on the lattice, we realize the Kalmeyer-Laughlin state, i.e. a gapped spin liquid which is identified as the nu=1/2 bosonic Laughlin state. For staggered chiralities, a gapless spin liquid emerges which exhibits gapless spin excitations along lines in momentum space, a feature that we probe by studying quasi-two-dimensional systems of finite width. We thus provide a single, appealingly simple spin model (i) for what is probably the simplest realization of the Kalmeyer-Laughlin state to date, as well as (ii) for a non-Fermi liquid state with lines of gapless SU(2) spin excitations.03/2013;

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