Parent Hamiltonian for the non-Abelian chiral spin liquid

01/2012; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.165125
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the family of non-Abelian chiral spin
liquids proposed recently by two of us [PRL 102, 207203 (2009)], which includes
the Abelian chiral spin liquid proposed by Kalmeyer and Laughlin, as the
special case S=1/2. As we use a circular disk geometry with an open boundary,
both the annihilation operators we identify and the Hamiltonians we construct
from these are exact only in the thermodynamic limit.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a method for engineering local $k+1$-body interactions ($k=1,2,3$) from two-body couplings in spin-${1}{2}$ systems. When implemented in certain systems with a flat single-particle band with a unit Chern number, the resulting many-body ground states are fractional Chern insulators which exhibit abelian and non-abelian anyon excitations. The most complex of these, with $k=3$, has Fibonacci anyon excitations; our system is thus capable of universal topological quantum computation. We then demonstrate that an appropriately tuned circuit of qubits could faithfully replicate this model up to small corrections, and further, we describe the process by which one might create and manipulate non-abelian vortices in these circuits, allowing for direct control of the system's quantum information content.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We argue that a relatively simple model containing only SU(2)-invariant chiral three-spin interactions on a Kagome lattice of S=1/2 spins can give rise to both a gapped and a gapless quantum spin liquid. Our arguments are rooted in a formulation in terms of network models of edge states and are backed up by a careful numerical analysis. For a uniform choice of chirality on the lattice, we realize the Kalmeyer-Laughlin state, i.e. a gapped spin liquid which is identified as the nu=1/2 bosonic Laughlin state. For staggered chiralities, a gapless spin liquid emerges which exhibits gapless spin excitations along lines in momentum space, a feature that we probe by studying quasi-two-dimensional systems of finite width. We thus provide a single, appealingly simple spin model (i) for what is probably the simplest realization of the Kalmeyer-Laughlin state to date, as well as (ii) for a non-Fermi liquid state with lines of gapless SU(2) spin excitations.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The fractional quantum Hall effect is one of the most striking phenomena in condensed matter physics. It is described by a simple Laughlin wavefunction and has been thoroughly studied both theoretically and experimentally. In lattice systems, however, much less is currently known, and only few models and mechanisms leading to it have been identified. Here we propose a new way of constructing lattice Hamiltonians with local interactions and fractional quantum Hall like ground states. In particular, we obtain a spin 1/2 model with a bosonic Laughlin-like ground state, displaying a variety of topological features. We also demonstrate how such a model naturally emerges out of a Fermi-Hubbard-like model at half filling, in which the kinetic energy part possesses bands with non-zero Chern number, and we show how this model can be implemented in an optical lattice setup with present or planned technologies.
    Nature Communications 11/2013; 4:2864. · 10.02 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014