Article

# Field-Induced Degeneracy Regimes in Quantum Plasmas

Physics of Plasmas (Impact Factor: 2.14). 01/2012; 19(3). DOI: 10.1063/1.3690090

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**In this paper, using both quantum magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and magnetohydrostatic (MHS) models of a relativistically degenerate magnetic compact star, the fundamental role of Landau orbital ferromagnetism (LOFER) on the magneto-gravitational stability of such star is revealed. It is shown that the previously suggested magnetic equation of state for LOFER with some generalization of form $B=\beta \rho^{2s/3}$ only within the range $0\leq s\leq 1$ and $0\leq \beta< \sqrt{2\pi}$ leads to magneto-gravitational stability with distinct critical value $\beta_{cr}=\sqrt{2\pi}$ governing the magnetohydrostatic stability of the compact star. Furthermore, the value of the parameters $s$ and $\beta$ is shown to fundamentally control both the quantum and Chandrasekhar gravitational collapse mechanisms and the previously discovered mass-limit on white dwarfs. Current findings can help to understand the origin of magnetism and its inevitable role on the stability of the relativistically degenerate super-dense magnetized matter encountered in many white-dwarfs and neutron stars.Physics of Plasmas 01/2012; 19(5). DOI:10.1063/1.4714611 · 2.14 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this work we study the propagations of normal frequency modes for quantum hydrodynamic (QHD) waves in the linear limit and introduce a new kind of instability in a double-degenerate plasma. Three different regimes, namely, low, intermediate and high magnetic field strengths are considered which span the applicability of the work to a wide variety of environments. Distinct behavior is observed for different regimes, for instance, in the laboratory-scale field regime no frequency-mode instability occurs unlike those of intermediate and high magnetic-field strength regimes. It is also found that the instability of this kind is due to the heavy-fermions which appear below a critical effective-mass parameter ($\mu_{cr}=\sqrt{3}$) and that the responses of the two (lower and upper frequency) modes to fractional effective-mass change in different effective-mass parameter ranges (below and above the critical value) are quite opposite to each other. It is shown that, the heavy-fermion instability due to extremely high magnetic field such as that encountered for a neutron-star crust can lead to confinement of stable propagations in both lower and upper frequency modes to the magnetic poles. Current study can have important implications for linear wave dynamics in both laboratory and astrophysical environments possessing high magnetic fields.Physics of Plasmas 05/2012; 19(7). DOI:10.1063/1.4731726 · 2.14 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**In this paper, we use the collisional quantum magnetohydrodynamic (CQMHD) model to derive the transverse dielectric function of a relativistically degenerate electron fluid and investigate various optical parameters, such as the complex refractive index, the reflection and absorption coefficients, the skin-depth and optical conductivity. In this model we take into accounts effects of many parameters such as the atomic-number of the constituent ions, the electron exchange, electron diffraction effect and the electron-ion collisions. Study of the optical parameters in the solid-density, the warm-dense-matter, the big-planetary core, and the compact star number-density regimes reveals that there are distinct differences between optical characteristics of the latter and the former cases due to the fundamental effects of the relativistic degeneracy and other quantum mechanisms. It is found that in the relativistic degeneracy plasma regime, such as found in white-dwarfs and neutron star crusts, matter possess a much sharper and well-defined step-like reflection edge beyond the x-ray electromagnetic spectrum, including some part of gamma-ray frequencies. It is also remarked that the magnetic field intensity only significantly affects the plasma reflectivity in the lower number-density regime, rather than the high density limit. Current investigation confirms the profound effect of relativistic degeneracy on optical characteristics of matter and can provide an important plasma diagnostic tool for studying the physical processes within the wide scope of quantum plasma regimes be it the solid-density, inertial-confined, or astrophysical compact stars.Physics of Plasmas 06/2014; 21(6):062103. DOI:10.1063/1.4882444 · 2.14 Impact Factor