Conference Paper

# Image segmentation based on Bayesian network-Markov random field model and its application to in vivo plaque composition.

Dept. of Radiol., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA

DOI: 10.1109/ISBI.2006.1624872 Conference: Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, Arlington, VA, USA, 6-9 April 2006 Source: DBLP

- IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 01/2010; 32:1406-1425.
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**ABSTRACT:**We propose a new Bayesian network (BN) model for both automatic and interactive image segmentation. A multilayer BN is constructed from an oversegmentation to model the statistical dependencies among superpixel regions, edge segments, vertices, and their measurements. The BN also incorporates various local constraints to further restrain the relationships among these image entities. Given the BN model and various image measurements, belief propagation is performed to update the probability of each node. Image segmentation is generated by the most probable explanation inference of the true states of both region and edge nodes from the updated BN. Besides the automatic image segmentation, the proposed model can also be used for interactive image segmentation. While existing interactive segmentation (IS) approaches often passively depend on the user to provide exact intervention, we propose a new active input selection approach to provide suggestions for the user's intervention. Such intervention can be conveniently incorporated into the BN model to perform actively IS. We evaluate the proposed model on both the Weizmann dataset and VOC2006 cow images. The results demonstrate that the BN model can be used for automatic segmentation, and more importantly, for actively IS. The experiments also show that the IS with active input selection can improve both the overall segmentation accuracy and efficiency over the IS with passive intervention.IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 10/2011; · 3.20 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Chain graph (CG) is a hybrid probabilistic graphical model (PGM) capable of modeling heterogeneous relationships among random variables. So far, however, its application in image and video analysis is very limited due to lack of principled learning and inference methods for a CG of general topology. To overcome this limitation, we introduce methods to extend the conventional chain-like CG model to CG model with more general topology and the associated methods for learning and inference in such a general CG model. Specifically, we propose techniques to systematically construct a generally structured CG, to parameterize this model, to derive its joint probability distribution, to perform joint parameter learning, and to perform probabilistic inference in this model. To demonstrate the utility of such an extended CG, we apply it to two challenging image and video analysis problems: human activity recognition and image segmentation. The experimental results show improved performance of the extended CG model over the conventional directed or undirected PGMs. This study demonstrates the promise of the extended CG for effective modeling and inference of complex real-world problems.IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 10/2011; · 3.20 Impact Factor

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