Conference Proceeding

Recognition of Motor Imagery Electroencephalography Using Independent Component Analysis and Machine Classifiers.

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    ABSTRACT: Any brain–computer interface (BCI) system must translate signals from the users brain into messages or commands (see Fig. 1). Many signal processing and machine learning techniques have been developed for this signal translation, and this chapter reviews the most common ones. Although these techniques are often illustrated using electroencephalography (EEG) signals in this chapter, they are also suitable for other brain signals.
    10/2011: pages 305-330;
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether EEG spectral analysis could be used to demonstrate awareness in patients with severe brain injury. We recorded EEG from healthy controls and three patients with severe brain injury, ranging from minimally conscious state (MCS) to locked-in-state (LIS), while they were asked to imagine motor and spatial navigation tasks. We assessed EEG spectral differences from 4 to 24 Hz with univariate comparisons (individual frequencies) and multivariate comparisons (patterns across the frequency range). In controls, EEG spectral power differed at multiple frequency bands and channels during performance of both tasks compared to a resting baseline. As patterns of signal change were inconsistent between controls, we defined a positive response in patient subjects as consistent spectral changes across task performances. One patient in MCS and one in LIS showed evidence of motor imagery task performance, though with patterns of spectral change different from the controls. EEG power spectral analysis demonstrates evidence for performance of mental imagery tasks in healthy controls and patients with severe brain injury. EEG power spectral analysis can be used as a flexible bedside tool to demonstrate awareness in brain-injured patients who are otherwise unable to communicate.
    Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 04/2011; 122(11):2157-68. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study addresses Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems meant to permit communication for those who are severely locked-in. The current study attempts to evaluate and compare the efficiency of different translating algorithms. The setup used in this study detects the elicited P300 evoked potential in response to six different stimuli. Performance is evaluated in terms of error rates, bit-rates and runtimes for four different translating algorithms; Bayesian Linear Disciminant Analysis (BLDA), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), Perceptron Batch (PB), and nonlinear Support Vector Machines (SVMs) were used to train the classifier whilst an N-fold cross validation procedure was used to test each algorithm. A communication channel based on Electroencephalography (EEG) is made possible using various machine learning algorithms and advanced pattern recognition techniques. All algorithms converged to 100% accuracy for seven of the eight subjects. While all methods obtained fairly good results, BLDA and PB were superior in terms of runtimes, where the average runtimes for BLDA and PB were 13 ± 2 and 15.6 ± 6 seconds, respectively. In terms of bit-rates, BLDA obtained the highest average value (22 ± 12 bits/minute), where the average bit-rate for all subjects, all sessions, and all algorithms was 18.76 ± 10 bits/minute.
    J Health Med Informat. 01/2013; 4(2).

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Feb 25, 2014