Conference Paper

Facebook for health: opportunities and challenges for driving behavior change

DOI: 10.1145/1979742.1979489 Conference: Proceedings of the International Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2011, Extended Abstracts Volume, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 7-12, 2011
Source: DBLP


Obesity, mood, and associated behaviors spread within social networks [1]. Facebook, the primary representation of these networks, shapes our perceptions of social norms and the expectations we set for ourselves. As such, Facebook holds potential to influence health behaviors of individuals and improve public health. This panel explores that potential from a variety of perspectives including psychology, public health, privacy, and design innovation. Panelists include: Margie Morris and Sunny Consolvo, researchers at Intel who have created novel mobile health and Facebook applications; Sean Munson, a social computing researcher at University of Michigan; Kevin Patrick, of UCSD, who is investigating social media for preventing and reducing weight gain in young adults; and Janice Tsai, from Microsoft, who focuses on privacy implications of Facebook. This panel will identify opportunities for health interventions on Facebook to have a broad social impact, challenges to implementing effective interventions on this dynamic platform, appropriate research methods, and considerations related to privacy and ethics.

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Available from: Sean A. Munson, Jan 06, 2014
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    • "However implementing online social therapy presents challenges. Users may be unwilling to discuss health problems (Morris et al., 2011). Designers must balance the need to make user data visible with the need for privacy (Purpura et al., 2011) and must decide whether to leverage existing social media or create new " walled gardens " (Newman et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Online therapy has the potential to extend existing face-to-face support for mental health, but designers face challenges such as lack of user engagement. Participatory design could improve outcomes but is difficult to pursue in the mental health context. By working with a research-focused clinic we have been able to employ participatory design methods over a period of three years to develop and test an online therapy for young people with psychosis. This paper discusses our methods and results in the light of existing design frameworks for youth mental health, and reports experiences which will be useful for other researchers in the field. We have found that participatory approaches are indeed challenging in the mental health context, but can result in technology that is efficacious and acceptable to young people.
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    • "A significant factor in health behaviour is one's close and distant social networks, which have been found to be a contributing factor to health outcomes, where ones social networks can be used to improve health behaviour through facilitating social integration and social support [4]. There is recent interest in the field of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) to explore online social networks and health behaviour change [5] [6]. Further, HCI researchers have looked at designing technologies to promote a more active lifestyle [7] [8] and a more nutritious diet [9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Positive health behaviour is critical to preventing illness and managing chronic conditions. A user-centred methodology was employed to design an online social network to motivate health behaviour change. The methodology was augmented by utilizing the Appeal, Belonging, Commitment (ABC) Framework, which is based on theoretical models for health behaviour change and use of online social networks. The user-centred methodology included four phases: 1) initial user inquiry on health behaviour and use of online social networks; 2) interview feedback on paper prototypes; 2) laboratory study on medium fidelity prototype; and 4) a field study on the high fidelity prototype. The points of inquiry through these phases were based on the ABC Framework. This yielded an online social network system that linked to external third party databases to deploy to users via an interactive website.
    Studies in health technology and informatics 02/2013; 183:286-90.
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    • "Interestingly, the use of online social networks and online social gaming has surpassed everyone's expectations, and led to a committed user-base [30]. Therefore, it is not surprising that there is increasing interest in utilizing online social networks as a technical platform for health behaviour change [31] [32]. Consideration needs to be given to the motivation for use of online social networks, as we need to ensure that users will make use of the online social network system. "
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    ABSTRACT: This chapter presents the Appeal, Belonging, Commitment (ABC) conceptual framework, which describes how online social networks can be designed to motivate positive health behaviour change. The ABC Framework is based on the existing theoretical models that describe the determinants for motivating the use of online social networks and health behaviour change. Common themes are drawn from these theoretical models and combined to provide the determinants for the three emergent themes: Appeal (individual determinants), Belonging (social determinants) and Commitment (temporal determinants). Results from a questionnaire survey and interviews are presented to validate and iterate the ABC Framework. Based on these themes and their determinants, design suggestions are presented. A case study implementation of the ABC Framework is shown through the design of VivoSpace. The design strategies are interpreted to design the online social health system, VivoSpace, and the ABC Framework is used to evaluate the design. This case study shows that the ABC Framework provides the best methodology to design and evaluate an online social network that will lead to a committed user base and motivate health behaviour change.
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