Conference Paper

Poster: A virtual body for augmented virtuality by chroma-keying of egocentric videos.

DOI: 10.1109/3DUI.2009.4811218 Conference: IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces, 3DUI 2009, Lafayette, LA, 14-15 March, 2009
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT A fully-articulated visual representation of oneself in an immersive virtual environment has considerable impact on the subjective sense of presence in the virtual world. Therefore, many approaches address this challenge and incorporate a virtual model of the user's body in the VE. Such a "virtual body" (VB) is manipulated according to user motions which are defined by feature points detected by a tracking system. The required tracking devices are unsuitable in scenarios which involve multiple persons simultaneously or in which participants frequently change. Furthermore, individual characteristics such as skin pigmentation, hairiness or clothes are not considered by this procedure. In this paper we present a software-based approach that allows to incorporate a realistic visual representation of oneself in the VE. The idea is to make use of images captured by cameras that are attached to video-see-through head-mounted displays. These egocentric frames can be segmented into foreground showing parts of the human body and background. Then the extremities can be overlayed with the user's current view of the virtual world, and thus a high-fidelity virtual body can be visualized.

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    ABSTRACT: We describe an experiment to assess the influence of body movements on presence in a virtual environment. In the experiment 20 participants were to walk through a virtual field of trees and count the trees with diseased leaves. A 2 x 2 between subjects design was used to assess the influence of two factors on presence: tree height variation and task complexity. The field with greater variation in tree height required participants to bend down and look up more than in the lower variation tree height field. In the higher complexity task participants were told to remember the distribution of diseased trees in the field as well as to count them. The results showed a significant positive association between reported presence and the amount of body movement in particular, head yaw--and the extent to which participants bent down and stood up. There was also a strong interaction effect between task complexity and gender: Women in the more-complex task reported a much lower sense of presence than in the simpler task. For applications in which presence is an important requirement, the research in this paper suggests that presence will be increased when interaction techniques are employed that permit the user to engage in whole-body movement.
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