Can a robot deceive humans?
ABSTRACT In the present study, we investigated whether a robot is able to deceive a human by producing a behavior against him/her prediction. A feeling of being deceived by a robot would be a strong indicator that the human treat the robot as an intentional entity. We conducted a psychological experiment in which a subject played Darumasan ga Koronda, a Japanese children's game, with a robot. A main strategy to deceive a subject was to make his/her mind believe that the robot is stupid so as not to be able to move quickly. The experimental result indicated that unexpected change of a robot behavior gave rise to an impression of being deceived by the robot.
Conference Paper: Establishing communication in an artificial interaction environment[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated how humans establish communication in a novel environment using an artificial cooperative task. Subjects are asked to solve a kind of 8-puzzle game cooperatively. One subject (director) can see the design of the puzzle and instructs how to move a tile. The other (operator) cannot see the design but can manipulate the puzzle. The director can communicate his intention only through his body movement. We conducted two experiments. In Experiment I, the operator role is played by the experimenter, who follows the pre-determined algorithms for establishing communication. The director role is played by a recruited subject. In Experiment II, both the director and the operator roles are played by recruited subjects. In both the experiments, simple languages for communication were developed between the players, but the strategies adopted were quite different. The results correspond to two approaches to future Human-Agent communication - human-controlled communication and mind-reading communication. We should re-consider the role of mind-reading communication in designing Human-Agent interface.RO-MAN, 2012 IEEE; 01/2012
Conference Paper: A Taxonomy of Robot Deception and its Benefits in HRI[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Deception is a common and essential behavior in humans. Since human beings gain many advantages from deceptive capabilities, we can also assume that robotic deception can provide benefits in several ways. Particularly, the use of robotic deception in human-robot interaction contexts is becoming an important and interesting research question. Despite its importance, very little research on robot deception has been conducted. Furthermore, no basic metrics or definitions of robot deception have been proposed yet. In this paper, we review the previous work on deception in various fields including psychology, biology, and robotics and will propose a novel way to define a taxonomy of robot deception. In addition, we will introduce an interesting research question of robot deception in HRI contexts and discuss potential approaches.Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics; 10/2013
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ABSTRACT: Understanding and predicting human's behavior by a robot is necessary for smooth interaction with humans. Humans often achieve them by guidance of other's behavior, especially controlling its attention. Magicians can effectively manipulate spectators' attention. In this study, we hypothesized that the relationship between magician's gaze and hands plays an important role for controlling spectators' attention. To test the hypothesis, we carried out an experiment to measure gaze points of spectators who were watching magic videos and analyzed the result of the experiment. As a result, we obtained the result that when the magician's gaze coincided with his hands that were manipulating objects, the degree of attention drawing was higher than otherwise.2013 IEEE/SICE International Symposium on System Integration (SII); 12/2013