Conference Paper

Detecting Video Forgeries Based on Noise Characteristics.

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-92957-4_27 Conference: Advances in Image and Video Technology, Third Pacific Rim Symposium, PSIVT 2009, Tokyo, Japan, January 13-16, 2009. Proceedings
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT The recent development of video editing techniques enables us to create realistic synthesized videos. Therefore using video data as evidence in places such as a court of law requires a method to detect forged videos. In this paper we propose an approach to detect suspicious regions in video recorded from a static scene by using noise character- istics. The image signal contains irradiance-dependent noise where the relation between irradiance and noise depends on some parameters; they include inherent parameters of a camera such as quantum efficiency and a response function, and recording parameters such as exposure and elec- tric gain. Forged regions from another video camera taken under different conditions can be differentiated when the noise characteristics of the re- gions are inconsistent with the rest of the video.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we present a passive-blind scheme for detection of frame duplication forgery in videos. The scheme is a coarse-to-fine approach that is implemented in four stages: candidate segment selection, spatial similarity measurement, frame duplication classification, and post-processing. To screen and select duplicated candidates in the temporal domain, the histogram difference of two adjacent frames in the RGB color space is adopted as a feature. Then, to evaluate the similarity of two images, we use a block-based algorithm to measure the spatial correlation between the candidate segment and the corresponding frame in the query template. Based on the results of spatial and temporal analysis, we construct a classifier to detect duplicated clips. In addition, to deal with the partial detection problem, we develop a post-processing technique that examines and merges two adjacent detected candidates into a complete duplicated video clip. Our experiment results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can not only achieve detection of frame duplication forgery but also accurately detect and localize duplicated clips in different kinds of videos. The results also show that the scheme outperforms an existing method in terms of precision, recall, accuracy, and computation time.
    International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence 02/2013; 26(07). DOI:10.1142/S0218001412500176 · 0.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intelligent video editing techniques can be used to tamper videos such as surveillance camera videos, defeating their potential to be used as evidence in a court of law. In this paper, we propose a technique to detect forgery in MPEG videos by analyzing the frame's compression noise characteristics. The compression noise is extracted from spatial domain by using a modified Huber Markov Random Field (HMRF) as a prior for image. The transition probability matrices of the extracted noise are used as features to classify a given video as single compressed or double compressed. The experiment is conducted on different YUV sequences with different scale factors. The efficiency of our classification is observed to be higher relative to the state of the art detection algorithms.
    IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Paris, France; 10/2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, a novel video inter-frame forgery detection scheme based on optical flow consistency is proposed. It is based on the finding that inter-frame forgery will disturb the optical flow consistency. This paper noticed the subtle difference between frame insertion and deletion, and proposed different detection schemes for them. A window based rough detection method and binary searching scheme are proposed to detect frame insertion forgery. Frame-to-frame optical flows and double adaptive thresholds are applied to detect frame deletion forgery. This paper not only detects video forgery, but also identifies the forgery model. Experiments show that our scheme achieves a good performance in identifying frame insertion and deletion model.
    Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Digital Forensics and Watermaking; 10/2012

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 15, 2014