Conference Paper

Brief Announcement: Distributed Contention Resolution in Wireless Networks

DOI: 10.1145/1835698.1835731 Conference: Proceedings of the 29th Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, PODC 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, July 25-28, 2010
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT We present and analyze simple distributed contention resolution protocols for wireless networks. In our setting, one is given n pairs of senders and receivers located in a metric space. Each sender wants to transmit a signal to its receiver at a prespecified power level, e.g., all senders use the same, uniform power level as it is typically implemented in practice. Our analysis is based on the physical model in which the success of a transmission depends on the Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR). The objective is to minimize the number of time slots until all signals are successfully transmitted. Our main technical contribution is the introduction of a measure called maximum average affectance enabling us to analyze random contention-resolution algorithms in which each packet is transmitted in each step with a fixed probability depending on the maximum average affectance. We prove that the schedule generated this way is only an O(log2 n) factor longer than the optimal one, provided that the prespecified power levels satisfy natural monontonicity properties. By modifying the algorithm, senders need not to know the maximum average affectance in advance but only static information about the network. In addition, we extend our approach to multi-hop communication achieving the same appoximation factor.

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