Conference Paper

Relevance Modeling for Microblog Summarization.

Conference: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, July 17-21, 2011
Source: DBLP
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    ABSTRACT: With the explosive growth of microblogging services, short-text messages (also known as tweets) are being created and shared at an unprecedented rate. Tweets in its raw form can be incredibly informative, but also overwhelming. For both end-users and data analysts it is a nightmare to plow through millions of tweets which contain enormous noises and redundancies. In this paper, we study continuous tweet summarization as a solution to address this problem. While traditional document summarization methods focus on static and small-scale data, we aim to deal with dynamic, quickly arriving, and large-scale tweet streams. We propose a novel prototype called Sumblr (SUMmarization By stream cLusteRing) for tweet streams. We first propose an online tweet stream clustering algorithm to cluster tweets and maintain distilled statistics called Tweet Cluster Vectors. Then we develop a TCV-Rank summarization technique for generating online summaries and historical summaries of arbitrary time durations. Finally, we describe a topic evolvement detection method, which consumes online and historical summaries to produce timelines automatically from tweet streams. Our experiments on large-scale real tweets demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of our approach.
    Proceedings of the 36th international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval; 07/2013
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    ABSTRACT: As an information delivering platform, Twitter collects millions of tweets every day. However, some users, especially new users, often find it difficult to understand trending topics in Twitter when confronting the overwhelming and unorganized tweets. Existing work has attempted to provide a short snippet to explain a topic, but this only provides limited benefits and cannot satisfy the users' expectations. In this paper, we propose a new summarization task, namely sequential summarization, which aims to provide a serial of chronologically ordered short sub-summaries for a trending topic in order to provide a complete story about the development of the topic while retaining the order of information presentation. Different from the traditional summarization task, the numbers of sub-summaries for different topics are not fixed. Two approaches, i.e., stream-based and semantic-based approaches, are developed to detect the important subtopics within a trending topic. Then a short sub-summary is generated for each subtopic. In addition, we propose three new measures to evaluate the position-aware coverage, sequential novelty and sequence correlation of the system-generated summaries. The experimental results based on the proposed evaluation criteria have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed approaches.
    IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing 02/2014; 22(2):293-302. DOI:10.1109/TASL.2013.2282191
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    ABSTRACT: Since its foundation in 2006, Twitter has enjoyed a meteoric rise in popularity, currently boasting over 500 million users. Its short text nature means that the service is open to a variety of different usage patterns, which have evolved rapidly in terms of user base and utilization. Prior work has categorized Twitter users, as well as studied the use of lists and re-tweets and how these can be used to infer user profiles and interests. The focus of this article is on studying why and how Twitter users mark tweets as “favorites”—a functionality with currently poorly understood usage, but strong relevance for personalization and information access applications. Firstly, manual analysis and classification are carried out on a randomly chosen set of favorited tweets, which reveal different approaches to using this functionality (i.e., bookmarks, thanks, like, conversational, and self-promotion). Secondly, an automatic favorites classification approach is proposed, based on the categories established in the previous step. Our machine learning experiments demonstrate a high degree of success in matching human judgments in classifying favorites according to usage type. In conclusion, we discuss the purposes to which these data could be put, in the context of identifying users' patterns of interests.
    Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 01/2015; DOI:10.1002/asi.23352 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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