A hybrid approach for hemorrhage segmentation in pelvic CT scans.
ABSTRACT Hemorrhage is the leading cause of death in patients with severe pelvic fractures within the first 24 hours after the injury. Hence, it is vital for physicians to quickly identify hemorrhage and assess bleeding severity. However, it is rather time consuming for physicians to evaluate all the CT images. Therefore, an automated hemorrhage segmentation system is needed to assist physicians. This paper proposes a hybrid approach for hemorrhage segmentation from pelvic CT scans. This approach utilizes region growing technique with integration of contrast information from the previous and subsequent slices. The results show that the method is able to segment hemorrhage well with acceptable results. Hemorrhage volume is also determined. A statistical t-test is conducted to determine if the calculated hemorrhage volume using the proposed method is significantly different from the manually detected volume.
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ABSTRACT: The volumes of current patient data as well as their complexity make clinical decision making more challenging than ever for physicians and other care givers. This situation calls for the use of biomedical informatics methods to process data and form recommendations and/or predictions to assist such decision makers. The design, implementation, and use of biomedical informatics systems in the form of computer-aided decision support have become essential and widely used over the last two decades. This paper provides a brief review of such systems, their application protocols and methodologies, and the future challenges and directions they suggest.The Scientific World Journal 01/2013; 2013:769639. · 1.22 Impact Factor