Conference Paper

A Simple Instrumentation Calibration Technique for Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) Using A 16-Electrode Phantom

Dept. of Instrum., Indian Inst. of Sci.-Bangalore, Bangalore, India
DOI: 10.1109/COASE.2009.5234117 Conference: IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2009, Bangalore, India, 22-25 August, 2011
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT A simple analog instrumentation for electrical impedance tomography is developed and calibrated using the practical phantoms. A constant current injector consisting of a modified Howland voltage controlled current source fed by a voltage controlled oscillator is developed to inject a constant current to the phantom boundary. An instrumentation amplifier, 50 Hz notch filter and a narrow band pass filter are developed and used for signal conditioning. Practical biological phantoms are developed and the forward problem is studied to calibrate the EIT-instrumentation. An array of sixteen stainless steel electrodes is developed and placed inside the phantom tank filled with KCl solution. 1 mA, 50 kHz sinusoidal current is injected at the phantom boundary using adjacent current injection protocol. The differential potentials developed at the voltage electrodes are measured for sixteen current injections. Differential voltage signal is passed through an instrumentation amplifier and a filtering block and measured by a digital multimeter. A forward solver is developed using finite element method in MATLAB 7.0 for solving the EIT governing equation. Differential potentials are numerically calculated using the forward solver with a simulated current and bathing solution conductivity. Measured potential data is compared with the differential potentials calculated for calibrating the instrumentation to acquire the voltage data suitable for better image reconstruction.

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