Conference Paper

Image-Adaptive Watermarking Using the Improved Signal to Noise Ratio.

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-74377-4_64 Conference: Computational Intelligence and Security, International Conference, CIS 2006, Guangzhou, China, November 3-6, 2006, Revised Selected Papers
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT The two conflicting requirements of watermark invisibility and robustness are both required in most applications. The solution
is to utilize a suitable perceptual quality metric (PQM) for watermarking correctly. This paper develops a new quality metric,
the improved signal to noise ratio (iSNR). The improvement is done in the following two aspects: 1) SNR manifests much better
performance in an image block of small size than in a whole image; 2) the average luminance and gradient information are added
into SNR. Next, we propose a new adaptive watermarking framework based on the localized quality evaluation, which divides
the cover data into nonoverlapping blocks and assigns an independent distortion constraint to each block to control the quality
of it. In comparison with ones based on the global quality evaluation, the new one exploits the localized signal characteristics
sufficiently while guaranteeing the localized watermark invisibility. Then, a specific implementation of the above framework
is developed for image applying iSNR as the quality metric in the sense of maximizing the detection value. Experimental results
demonstrate that the proposed watermarking performs very well both in robustness and invisibility.

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