Conference Paper

A personality-based model of agents for representing individuals in working organizations

Informatics & Appl. Math. Dept., Fed. Univ. of RN, Brazil
DOI: 10.1109/IAT.2005.18 Conference: Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology, Compiegne, France, September 19-22, 2005
Source: DBLP


This paper proposes an agent architecture which can be used to represent individuals within a working organization. The proposed architecture has been based on the theory of human personality and its working relationship from Theodore Milton. The main aim of this paper is to describe a suitable representation of individual behaviors which is able to be mapped to collective patterns of a human organization. The proposed architecture has been used in the SimOrg project, which aims to apply a multi-agent simulation in human organizations.

Download full-text


Available from: Anne M. P. Canuto,
15 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We critically examine how evidence and knowledge are brokered between the various actors (agents) in regulatory decisions on risk. Following a précis of context and regulatory process, we explore the role power and personality might play as evidence is synthesised and used to inform risk decisions, providing a review of the relevant literature from applied psychology, agent-based simulation and regulatory science. We make a case for the adoption of agent-based tools for addressing the sufficiency of evidence and resolving uncertainty in regulatory decisions. Referring to other environmental applications of agent-based decisionmaking, we propose how an agent model might represent power structures and personality characteristics with the attending implications for the brokering of regulatory science. This critical review has implications for the structuring of evidence that informs environmental decisions and the personal traits required of modern regulators operating in facilitative regulatory settings.
    Journal of Risk Research 12/2010; 13(8):961-982. DOI:10.1080/13669877.2010.486075 · 1.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Complex regulatory decisions about risk rely on the brokering of evidence between providers and recipients, and involve personality and power relationships that influence the confidence that recipients may place in the sufficiency of evidence and, therefore, the decision outcome. We explore these relationships in an agent-based model; drawing on concepts from environmental risk science, decision psychology and computer simulation. A two-agent model that accounts for the sufficiency of evidence is applied to decisions about salt intake, animal carcass disposal and radioactive waste. A dynamic version of the model assigned personality traits to agents, to explore their receptivity to evidence. Agents with 'aggressor' personality sets were most able to imbue fellow agents with enhanced receptivity (with 'avoider' personality sets less so) and clear confidence in the sufficiency of evidence. In a dynamic version of the model, when both recipient and provider were assigned the 'aggressor' personality set, this resulted in 10 successful evidence submissions in 71days, compared with 96days when both agents were assigned the 'avoider' personality set. These insights suggest implications for improving the efficiency and quality of regulatory decision making by understanding the role of personality and power.
    Science of The Total Environment 07/2013; 466-467C:74-83. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.116 · 4.10 Impact Factor