Autonomous robot-assisted active catheter insertion using image guidance.
ABSTRACT In this paper, we investigate autonomous robot- assisted insertion of an active catheter instrumented with shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators using image guidance. An Augmented Hybrid Impedance Control (AHIC) algorithm is implemented on a Mitsubishi robot (PA 10-7C) to insert the active catheter. The robot is constrained to move in Cartesian space along a pre-defined trajectory while controlling the force of insertion. A closed-loop control scheme has been developed to accurately control the bending in the active catheter. The tip of the active catheter is tracked in real-time to provide information on the path of the catheter and for determining the future course of insertion. The catheter is autonomously guided from the point of entry to the site of plaque buildup, thereby shielding the surgeon from the harmful radiation due to the X-rays used for imaging, providing a more ergonomic approach for catheter insertion. Experimental results are given to illustrate the robot-assisted catheter insertion procedure.