Conference Paper

Recent developments in coded aperture multiplexed imaging systems.

DOI: 10.1117/12.781462 Conference: Visual Information Processing XVII, 18 March 2008, Orlando, Florida, USA
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT We will review recent developments in coded aperture techniques for unconventional imaging systems. Specifically, we are interested in looking simultaneously in multiple directions using a common aperture. To accomplish this, we interleave several sparse sub-apertures that are pointed in different directions. The goal is to optimize the sub-apertures so that the point spread function (PSF) is well behaved, and resolution is preserved in the images. We will present an analysis of the underlying PSF design concept, as well as the necessary phase optimization techniques.

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    ABSTRACT: Coded aperture imaging has been used for astronomical applications for several years. Typical implementations used a fixed mask pattern and are designed to operate in the X-Ray or gamma ray bands. Recently applications have emerged in the visible and infra red bands for low cost lens-less imaging systems and system studies have shown that considerable advantages in image resolution may accrue from the use of multiple different images of the same scene - requiring a reconfigurable mask. Previously we reported on the early feasibility of realising such a mask based on polysilicon micr-opto-electromechanical systems (MOEMS) technology and early results in the visible and near IR bands. This employs interference effects to modulate incident light - achieved by tuning a large array of asymmetric Fabry-Perot optical cavities via an applied voltage whilst a hysteretic row/column addressing scheme is used to control the state of individual elements. In this paper we present transmission results from the target mid-IR band (3-5mum), compare them with theory and describe the scale up from a 3x3 proof-of-concept MOEMS microshutter array to a 560 x 560 element array (2cm x 2cm chip) with the associated driver electronics and embedded control - including aspects of electronic design, addressing control and integration. The resultant microsystem represents a core building block to realise much larger reconfigurable masks using a tiled approach with further integration challenges in the future.
    Proc SPIE 01/2008; 7096(Figure 1):70960D-70960D-8.
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coded aperture imaging has been used for astronomical applications for several years. Typical implementations used a fixed mask pattern and are designed to operate in the X-Ray or gamma ray bands. Recently applications have emerged in the visible and infra red bands for low cost lens-less imaging systems and system studies have shown that considerable advantages in image resolution may accrue from the use of multiple different images of the same scene - requiring a reconfigurable mask. Previously we reported on the realization of a 2x2cm single chip mask in the mid-IR based on polysilicon micro-opto-electro-mechanical systems (MOEMS) technology and its integration with ASIC drive electronics using conventional wire bonding. The MOEMS architecture employs interference effects to modulate incident light - achieved by tuning a large array of asymmetric Fabry-Perot optical cavities via an applied voltage and uses a hysteretic row/column scheme for addressing. In this paper we present the latest transmission results in the mid-IR band (3-5mum) and report on progress in developing a scalable architecture based on a tiled approach using multiple 2 x 2cm MOEMS chips with associated control ASICs integrated using flip chip technology. Initial work has focused on a 2 x 2 tiled array as a stepping stone towards an 8 x 8 array.
    Proc SPIE 01/2009; 7468:74680E-74680E-9.

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