Conference Paper

A System for Recognition of Named Entities in Greek.

DOI: 10.1007/3-540-45154-4_39 Conference: Natural Language Processing - NLP 2000, Second International Conference, Patras, Greece, June 2-4, 2000, Proceedings
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe work in progress for the development of a Greek named entity recognizer. The system aims at information
extraction applications where large scale text processing is needed. Speed of analysis, system robustness, and results accuracy
have been the basic guidelines for the system’s design. Pattern matching techniques have been implemented on top of an existing
automated pipeline for Greek text processing and the resulting system depends on non-recursive regular expressions in order
to capture different types of named entities. For development and testing purposes, we collected a corpus of financial texts
from several web sources and manually annotated part of it. Overall precision and recall are 86% and 81% respectively.

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    ABSTRACT: The term “Named Entity”, now widely used in Natural Language Processing, was coined for the Sixth Message Understanding Conference (MUC-6) (R. Grishman & Sundheim 1996). At that time, MUC was focusing on Information Extraction (IE) tasks where structured information of company activities and defense related activities is extracted from unstructured text, such as newspaper articles. In defining the task, people noticed that it is essential to recognize information units like names, including person, organization and location names, and numeric expressions including time, date, money and percent expressions. Identifying references to these entities in text was recognized as one of the important sub-tasks of IE and was called “Named Entity Recognition and Classification (NERC)”. Le terme « entité nommée », maintenant largement utilisé dans le cadre du traitement des langues naturelles, a été adopté pour la Sixth Message Understanding Conference (MUC 6) (R. Grishman et Sundheim, 1996). À cette époque, la Conférence était concentrée sur les tâches d'extraction d'information (EI), dans lesquelles l'information structurée relative aux activités des entreprises et aux activités liées à la défense sont extraites de texte non structuré, comme les articles de journaux. Au moment de définir cette tâche, on a remarqué qu'il est essentiel de reconnaître les unités d'information comme les noms (dont les noms de personnes, d'organisations et de lieux géographiques) et les expressions numériques, notamment l'expression de l'heure, de la date, des sommes monétaires et des pourcentages. On a alors conclu que l'identification des références à ces entités dans le texte était une des principales sous-tâches de l'EI et on a alors nommé cette tâche Named Entity Recognition and Classification (NERC) (reconnaissance et classification d'entités nommées).
    Lingvisticæ Investigationes 01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: Named entity recognition (NER) is one of the basic tasks in automatic extraction of information from natural language texts. In this paper, we describe an automatic rule learning method that exploits different features of the input text to identify the named entities located in the natural language texts. Moreover, we explore the use of morphological features for extracting named entities from Turkish texts. We believe that the developed system can also be used for other agglutinative languages. The paper also provides a comprehensive overview of the field by reviewing the NER research literature. We conducted our experiments on the TurkIE dataset, a corpus of articles collected from different Turkish newspapers. Our method achieved an average F-score of 91.08% on the dataset. The results of the comparative experiments demonstrate that the developed technique is successfully applicable to the task of automatic NER and exploiting morphological features can significantly improve the NER from Turkish, an agglutinative language.
    Journal of Information Science 01/2011; 37:137-151. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe our work on Greek Named Entity Recognition using comparatively three different machine learning techniques: (i) Support Vector Machines (SVM), (ii) Maximum Entropy and (iii) Onetime, a shortcut method based on previous work of one of the authors. The majority of our system's features use linguistic knowledge provided by: morphology, punctuation, position of the lexical units within a sentence and within a text, electronic dictionaries, and the outputs of external tools (a tokenizer, a sentence splitter, and a Hellenic version of Brill's Part of Speech Tagger). After testing we observed that the application of a few simple Post Testing Classification Correction (PTCC) rules created after the observation of output errors, improved the results of the SVM and the Maximum Entropy systems output. We achieved very good results with the three methods. Our best configurations (Support Vector Machines with a second degree polynomial kernel and Maximum Entropy) achieved both after the application of PTCC rules an overall F-measure of 91.06.