Conference Paper

Public Participation Interface of Urban Disaster Prevention Spatial System Planning-Application of Google Earth

Dept. of Archit., Nat. Taiwan Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Taipei, Taiwan
DOI: 10.1109/HIS.2009.272 Conference: 9th International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems (HIS 2009), August 12-14, 2009, Shenyang, China
Source: DBLP


TELES (Taiwan Earthquake Loss Estimate System) is developed for simulating earthquake damages under different scenario conditions. The results include PGA, architecture damages estimate and casualties. This system is used for risk potential evaluation, disaster prevention plan and contingent plan. However the hazard map offers comprehensive disaster prevention information and is often difficult to maintain and broadcast to public. This study selects Google Earth as a GIS tool for public participation and efficient maintenance. Finally a case study, Shin-hua Township Taiwan, shows the integration results for the purpose of dynamic maintenance of disaster information in a digital map.

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    ABSTRACT: In China, the construction of the urban is rapidly developing, however the seriousness of it has been suspected by the public, which are manifested in two aspects , one is the urban planning is appeared to be freely modified in short time; the other is the houses of the public are forced to remove. The main reason is due to the lack of public participation and supervision in urban planning. This paper using Google Earth Platform to create a convenient platform for public participates in urban planning. The platform is easier to use than traditional ones, and easier to be accepted by the public who are lack of knowledge on urban planning. It is helpful for them to participate and supervise the urban planning.
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    ABSTRACT: As crises happen more frequently and in bigger magnitudes in urban communities, disaster prevention and disaster mitigation become increasingly more important. One useful preventive measure is for community members to report relevant risk information before an actual crisis occurs. This paper presents a Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) system called Collaborative Risk Map System (CRMS), which is community based and through which local residents can report risk information of crisis events and share the information in disaster mitigation. Although the Internet and mobile phones are the preferred methods for public participation due to their convenience and ease of use, the feedback information needs to be filtered before usage, so we designed a credibility model to filter out the mendacious information. A risk model of crisis events is also proposed which transformed the static pre-planning to dynamic and timely risk map as a result of public participation. The risk state of the community and reliable risk feedback is displayed on the map using Oracle Spatial technology so that public can see the risk information visually. Through the analysis of risk information, the community can directly access reliable risk information easily and can prepare for it immediately. Most importantly, decision-makers can get the most up-to-date risk information and do more accurate risk analysis so as to make better informed decisions. We demonstrate the prototype system by selecting 20 places to be a community in Chengguan district in Lanzhou, the capital city in Gansu Province, China and selecting fire risk to evaluate its effectiveness and efficiency.
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