MTreeTV: A Hybrid Video Broadcast Architecture.
ABSTRACT To reduce the delay of video broadcast system, we analyze system-capacity in a discrete-time manner. And we propose a hybrid architecture MTreeTV which combines the use of P2P networks with dedicated streaming servers. We also evaluate the effect of the server and client parameters. Through analysis and simulation, we show that MTreeTV supports fast channel switching (
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents Scribe, a large-scale event notification infrastructure for topic-based publish-subscribe applications. Scribe supports large numbers of topics, with a potentially large number of subscribers per topic. Scribe is built on top of Pastry, a generic peer-to-peer object location and routing substrate overlayed on the Internet, and leverages Pastry's reliability, self-organization and locality properties. Pastry is used to create a topic (group) and to build an efficient multicast tree for the dissemination of events to the topic's subscribers (members). Scribe provides weak reliability guarantees, but we outline how an application can extend Scribe to provide stronger ones.07/2001;
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents the design and evaluation of Pastry, a scalable, distributed object location and routing scheme for wide-area peer-to-peer applications. Pastry provides application-level routing and object location in a potentially very large overlay network of nodes connected via the Internet. It can be used to support a wide range of peer-to-peer applications like global data storage, global data sharing, and naming. An insert operation in Pastry stores an object at a user-defined number of diverse nodes within the Pastry network. A lookup operation reliably retrieves a copy of the requested object if one exists. Moreover, a lookup is usually routed to the node nearest the client issuing the lookup (by some measure of proximity), among the nodes storing the requested object. Pastry is completely decentralized, scalable, and self-configuring; it automatically adapts to the arrival, departure and failure of nodes. Experimental results obtained with a prototype implementation on a simulated network of 100,000 nodes confirm Pastry's scalability, its ability to self-configure and adapt to node failures, and its good network locality properties.07/2001;
Conference Proceeding: Enabling conferencing applications on the internet using an overlay muilticast architecture.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In response to the serious scalability and deployment concerns with IP Multicast, we and other researchers have advocated an alternate architecture for supporting group communication applications over the Internet where all multicast functionality is pushed to the edge. We refer to such an architecture as End System Multicast. While End System Multicast has several potential advantages, a key concern is the performance penalty associated with such a design. While preliminary simulation results conducted in static environments are promising, they have yet to consider the challenging performance requirements of real world applications in a dynamic and heterogeneous Internet environment.In this paper, we explore how Internet environments and application requirements can influence End System Multicast design. We explore these issues in the context of audio and video conferencing: an important class of applications with stringent performance requirements. We conduct an extensive evaluation study of schemes for constructing overlay networks on a wide-area test-bed of about twenty hosts distributed around the Internet. Our results demonstrate that it is important to adapt to both latency and bandwidth while constructing overlays optimized for conferencing applications. Further, when relatively simple techniques are incorporated into current self-organizing protocols to enable dynamic adaptation to latency and bandwidth, the performance benefits are significant. Our results indicate that End System Multicast is a promising architecture for enabling performance-demanding conferencing applications in a dynamic and heterogeneous Internet environment.01/2001