Conference Paper

Online Conflict-Free Colorings for Hypergraphs.

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-73420-8_21 Conference: Automata, Languages and Programming, 34th International Colloquium, ICALP 2007, Wroclaw, Poland, July 9-13, 2007, Proceedings
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT We provide a framework for online con∞ict-free coloring (CF-coloring) of any hyper- graph. We use this framework to obtain an e-cient randomized online algorithm for CF-coloring any k-degenerate hypergraph. Our algorithm uses O(klogn) colors with high probability and this bound is asymptotically optimal for any constant k. Moreover, our al- gorithm uses O(klogklogn) random bits with high probability. As a corollary, we obtain asymptotically optimal randomized algorithms for online CF-coloring some hypergraphs that arise in geometry. Our algorithm uses exponentially fewer random bits compared to previous results. We introduce deterministic online CF-coloring algorithms for points on the line with respect to intervals and for points on the plane with respect to halfplanes (or unit discs) that use £(logn) colors and recolor O(n) points in total.

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    ABSTRACT: In FOCS 2002, Even et al. showed that any set of $n$ discs in the plane can be Conflict-Free colored with a total of at most $O(\log n)$ colors. That is, it can be colored with $O(\log n)$ colors such that for any (covered) point $p$ there is some disc whose color is distinct from all other colors of discs containing $p$. They also showed that this bound is asymptotically tight. In this paper we prove the following stronger results: \begin{enumerate} \item [(i)] Any set of $n$ discs in the plane can be colored with a total of at most $O(k \log n)$ colors such that (a) for any point $p$ that is covered by at least $k$ discs, there are at least $k$ distinct discs each of which is colored by a color distinct from all other discs containing $p$ and (b) for any point $p$ covered by at most $k$ discs, all discs covering $p$ are colored distinctively. We call such a coloring a {\em $k$-Strong Conflict-Free} coloring. We extend this result to pseudo-discs and arbitrary regions with linear union-complexity. \item [(ii)] More generally, for families of $n$ simple closed Jordan regions with union-complexity bounded by $O(n^{1+\alpha})$, we prove that there exists a $k$-Strong Conflict-Free coloring with at most $O(k n^\alpha)$ colors. \item [(iii)] We prove that any set of $n$ axis-parallel rectangles can be $k$-Strong Conflict-Free colored with at most $O(k \log^2 n)$ colors. \item [(iv)] We provide a general framework for $k$-Strong Conflict-Free coloring arbitrary hypergraphs. This framework relates the notion of $k$-Strong Conflict-Free coloring and the recently studied notion of $k$-colorful coloring. \end{enumerate} All of our proofs are constructive. That is, there exist polynomial time algorithms for computing such colorings.
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    ABSTRACT: We consider the k-strong conflict-free coloring of a set of points on a line with respect to a family of intervals: Each point on the line must be assigned a color so that the coloring has to be conflict-free, in the sense that in every interval I there are at least k colors each appearing exactly once in I. In this paper, we present a polynomial algorithm for the general problem; the algorithm has an approximation factor 5-2/k when k\geq2 and approximation factor 2 for k=1. In the special case the family contains all the possible intervals on the given set of points, we show that a 2 approximation algorithm exists, for any k\geq1.
    Algorithmica 05/2012; · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Let $H=(V,E)$ be a hypergraph. A {\em conflict-free} coloring of $H$ is an assignment of colors to $V$ such that in each hyperedge $e \in E$ there is at least one uniquely-colored vertex. This notion is an extension of the classical graph coloring. Such colorings arise in the context of frequency assignment to cellular antennae, in battery consumption aspects of sensor networks, in RFID protocols and several other fields, and has been the focus of many recent research papers. In this paper, we survey this notion and its combinatorial and algorithmic aspects.
    Computing Research Repository - CORR. 05/2010;