MIRAS In-Orbit Calibration
ABSTRACT MIRAS has two types of in-orbit calibration: external, in which the instrument makes a maneuver to point to the cold sky, and internal, in which noise is injected to the receivers. This one in turn has two modes, one of short duration carried out periodically interspersed with scene measurements, and other lasting a full orbit and used to obtain the more stable parameters and the sensitivity of all parameters with temperature. These procedures have already been implemented and have been tested at EADS-CASA in the fully integrated instrument. The results show that the in-orbit internal calibration accurately retrieves the needed parameters and will allow to obtain high quality data.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Adriano Camps, Feb 05, 2014
Article: SMOS Calibration Subsystem[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Interferometric radiometry is a novel concept in remote sensing that is also presenting particular challenges for calibration methods. In this paper, we describe the calibration subsystem (CAS) developed for the Microwave Imaging Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS) interferometer of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite. CAS is important for the overall performance of the payload as it calibrates out the differences between the multiple receivers of MIRAS. SMOS is in the final phase of development and is due to launch in 2008.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 12/2007; DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2007.904910 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: After the successful launching of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite in November 2009, continuous streams of data started to be regularly downloaded and made available to be processed. The first six months of operation were fully dedicated to the In-Orbit Commissioning Phase, with an intense activity aimed at bringing the satellite and instrument into a fully operational condition. Concerning the payload Microwave Imaging Radiometer with Aperture Synthesis, it was fully characterized using specific orbits dedicated to check all instrument modes. The procedures, already defined during the on-ground characterization, were repeated so as to obtain realistic temperature characterization and updated internal calibration parameters. External calibration maneuvers were tested for the first time and provided absolute instrument calibration, as well as corrections to internal calibration data. Overall, performance parameters, such as stability, radiometric sensitivity and radiometric accuracy were evaluated. The main results of this activity are presented in this paper, showing that the instrument delivers stable and well-calibrated data thanks to the combination of external and internal calibration and to an accurate thermal characterization. Finally, the quality of the visibility calibration is demonstrated by producing brightness temperature images in the alias-free field of view using standard inversion techniques. Images of ocean, ice, and land are given as examples.IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 10/2011; DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2102769 · 2.93 Impact Factor