Conference Paper

Airborne DInSAR time series at X-Band.

DOI: 10.1109/IGARSS.2010.5653246 Conference: IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2010, July 25-30, 2010, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, Proceedings
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) is a remote sensing technique which allows monitoring ground deformation with accuracy of the order of the transmitted wavelength by exploiting the phase difference (interferogram) of two temporally separated SAR images relevant to the same area. In addition, when more than two multi-pass acquisitions relevant to the same area are available, they can be properly combined by means of recent multitemporal DInSAR algorithms, in order to detect and follow the temporal evolution of ground deformation via the generation of spatially dense time series. Such a multitemporal DInSAR technique is nowadays developed and operative with space-borne SAR data, whereas specific problems may limit its application to airborne data. In this work, starting from the results already shown in previous works and relevant to an X-Band airborne DInSAR experiment carried out over the Perugia area (center of Italy) by using the OrbiSAR system, we carry out a DInSAR multitemporal analysis of data relevant to a 16 km (in azimuth) by 4 km (in range) region.

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    ABSTRACT: Recently, some experiments demonstrated that reliable DIn- SAR measurements can be achieved at any band and that further time-series analyses can be applied for airborne data. However, most of the airborne DInSAR results, including the time-series, published so far have focused on short-term anal- yses (baselines within hours or few days). This paper presents the first worldwide airborne DInSAR survey at P- and X-band for measuring the land movements occurred within 1 year and 3 months. The survey was performed by the OrbiSAR system of OrbiSat under contract with Petrobras (CENPES), as part of a experiment with the objective to identify possible threats to the pipeline due to land movements in Sao Sebastiao-SP, Brazil. The measurements at P-band show reliable and coher- ent movements in 80% of the imaged vegetated areas with accuracy in the order of centimeters. At X-band we were able to reliably measure coherent movements in urban areas with accuracy in the order of millimeters. Through field work ev- idences, the paper analyses the causes of these small scale land movements, and how they are related to geodynamic pro- cesses. A comparison between the DInSAR and in-loco incli- nometer measurements is presented. The paper suggests some possible operational scenarios and discusses on the potential of the airborne DInSAR for land movement monitoring.
    2011 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2011, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 24-29, 2011; 01/2011