Early spectroscopy and photometry of the new outburst of V1647 Ori

Source: arXiv


Broad-band photometric and moderate-resolution spectroscopic observations of the young eruptive star V1647 Ori, obtained between 28 August and 1 September 2008, are presented. The observed magnitudes and emission line equivalent widths of the star indicate that the initial conditions of the new outburst are very similar to those of the previous one in 2004.

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    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of new FU Orionis-like objects is fundamental to understand the outburst mechanism in young stars and their role in star formation and disk evolution. Our work is aimed at investigating the properties of the recent outburst of V1647 Ori. Using optical and mid infrared long slit spectroscopy we monitored V1647 Ori in outburst between February 2004 and January 2006. The optical spectrum is characterized by Halpha and Hbeta in P-Cygni profile and by many weak FeI and FeII emission lines. Short timescale variability was measured in the continuum and line emission. On January 2006 we detected for the first time forbidden emission lines ([OI], [SII] and [FeII]). These lines are likely produced by an Herbig-Haro object driven by V1647 Ori. The mid infrared the spectrum of V1647 Ori is flat and featureless at all epochs. The SED changed drastically: the source was much redder in the early outburst than in the final phase. The magnitude rise and the SED of V1647 Ori resembles that of a FUor while the duration and recurrence of the outburst resemble that of a EXor. The optical spectrum is clearly distinct from either the absorption line spectrum of a FUor or the T Tauri-like spectrum of an EXor. Our data are consistent with a disk instability event which led to an increase of the mass accretion rate. The data also suggest the presence of a circumstellar envelope around the star+disk system. The peculiar N band spectrum might be explained by dust sublimation in the outer layers of the disk. The presence of the envelope and the outburst statistics suggest that these instability events occur only in a specific stage of a Class I source (e.g. in the transition phase to an optically visible star surrounded by a protoplanetary disk). We discuss the outburst mechanisms in term of the thermal instability model. Comment: 12 pages, 7 figures, accepted for publication in A&A
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 06/2007; 472(1). DOI:10.1051/0004-6361:20077725 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present new optical, near-IR, and mid-IR observations of the young eruptive variable star V1647 Orionis that went into outburst in late 2004 for approximately two years. Our observations were taken one year after the star had faded to its pre-outburst optical brightness and show that V1647Ori is still actively accreting circumstellar material. We compare and contrast these data with existing observations of the source from both pre-outburst and outburst phases. From near-IR spectroscopy we identify photospheric absorption features for the first time that allow us to constrain the classification of the young star itself. Our best fit spectral type is M0+-2 sub-classes with a visual extinction of 19+-2 magnitudes and a K-band veiling of rK~1.5+-0.2. We estimate that V1647Ori has a quiescent bolometric luminosity of ~9.5Lsun and a mass accretion rate of ~1.10^-6Msun yr^-1. Our derived mass and age, from comparison with evolutionary models, are 0.8+-0.2 Msun and ~0.5Myrs, respectively. The presence towards the star of shock excited optical [S II] and [Fe II] emission as well as near-IR H2 and [Fe II] emission perhaps suggests that a new Herbig-Haro flow is becoming visible close to the star.
    The Astronomical Journal 11/2007; 135(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-6256/135/1/423 · 4.02 Impact Factor


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