Friction compensation as a fault-tolerant control problem.
ABSTRACT The control of systems that involve friction presents interesting challenges. Recent research has focused on detailed modelling of friction phenomena in order to use robust on-line friction compensation procedures, attempting to cancel out the friction force effect in the feedback control of a mechanical or mechatronic system. However, the friction modelling problem remains a very difficult challenge and this article proposes a new approach to friction compensation which is based on the theory of robust fault estimation. The friction forces acting in a dynamic system can be viewed as actuator faults with time-varying characteristics to be estimated and compensated within an output feedback fault-tolerant control (FTC) scheme, so that the limitations arising from the use of a friction model are obviated. The friction (fault) estimation problem is hence embedded inside a control system with required stability, and performance robustness. This can be a significant advantage over well-known model-based friction compensation methods in which detailed modelling of friction phenomena is essential and for which robustness with respect to friction characteristics is difficult to achieve using non-linear models.
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ABSTRACT: Motorized antenna is a key element in overseas satellite telecommunication. The control system directs the on-board antenna toward a chosen satellite while the high sea waves disturb the antenna. Certain faults (communication system malfunction or signal blocking) cause interruption in the communication connection resulting in loss of the tracking functionality, and instability of the antenna. In this brief, a fault tolerant control (FTC) system is proposed for the satellite tracking antenna. The FTC system maintains the tracking functionality by employing proper control strategy. A robust fault diagnosis system is designed to supervise the FTC system. The employed fault diagnosis solution is able to estimate the faults for a class of nonlinear systems acting under external disturbances. Effectiveness of the method is verified through implementation and test on an antenna system.IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology 02/2011; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Starting with the baseline controller design, this paper proposes an integrated approach of active fault tolerant control based on proportional derivative extended state observer (PDESO) for linear parameter varying descriptor systems. The PDESO can simultaneously provide the estimates of the system states, sensor faults, and actuator faults. The L2 robust performance of the closed-loop system to bounded exogenous disturbance and bounded uncertainty is achieved by a two-step design procedure adapted from the traditional observer-based controller design. Furthermore, an LMI pole-placement region and the L2 robustness performance are combined into a multiobjective formulation by suitably combing the appropriate LMI descriptions. A parameter-varying system example is given to illustrate the design procedure and the validity of the proposed integrated design approach. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.International Journal of Robust and Nonlinear Control 11/2014; · 1.90 Impact Factor