Friction compensation as a fault-tolerant control problem.
ABSTRACT The control of systems that involve friction presents interesting challenges. Recent research has focused on detailed modelling of friction phenomena in order to use robust on-line friction compensation procedures, attempting to cancel out the friction force effect in the feedback control of a mechanical or mechatronic system. However, the friction modelling problem remains a very difficult challenge and this article proposes a new approach to friction compensation which is based on the theory of robust fault estimation. The friction forces acting in a dynamic system can be viewed as actuator faults with time-varying characteristics to be estimated and compensated within an output feedback fault-tolerant control (FTC) scheme, so that the limitations arising from the use of a friction model are obviated. The friction (fault) estimation problem is hence embedded inside a control system with required stability, and performance robustness. This can be a significant advantage over well-known model-based friction compensation methods in which detailed modelling of friction phenomena is essential and for which robustness with respect to friction characteristics is difficult to achieve using non-linear models.
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ABSTRACT: Motorized antenna is a key element in overseas satellite telecommunication. The control system directs the on-board antenna toward a chosen satellite while the high sea waves disturb the antenna. Certain faults (communication system malfunction or signal blocking) cause interruption in the communication connection resulting in loss of the tracking functionality, and instability of the antenna. In this brief, a fault tolerant control (FTC) system is proposed for the satellite tracking antenna. The FTC system maintains the tracking functionality by employing proper control strategy. A robust fault diagnosis system is designed to supervise the FTC system. The employed fault diagnosis solution is able to estimate the faults for a class of nonlinear systems acting under external disturbances. Effectiveness of the method is verified through implementation and test on an antenna system.IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology 02/2011; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this Faults or process failures may drastically change system behaviour leading to performance degradation and instability. The reliability and fault-tolerance of a control system can be achieved through the design of either an ac-tive or passive Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) scheme. This paper proposes a new approach to fault compensation for FTC using fault estimation by which the faults acting in a dynamical system are estimated and compensated within an adaptive control scheme with required stability and performance robustness. The FTC scheme has an augmented state observer (ASO) in the control system, which has an intrinsic robustness in terms of the stability and performance of the estimation error. The design concepts are illustrated using the notion that the friction forces in a mechanical system can be estimated and compensated to give good control performance and stability. The example given is that of a non-linear inverted pen-dulum with Stribeck friction.The Open Automation and Control Systems Journal 01/2009;