Molecular mechanics calculations on carbonyl compounds. III. Cycloketones.

Journal of Computational Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.84). 10/2001; 22:1451-1475. DOI: 10.1002/jcc.1100
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT Molecular mechanics (MM4) calculations were carried out on cycloketones for ring sizes ranging from 4 to 11 carbon atoms. The MM4 relative energies for the various conformations of the cycloketones were compared to density functional theory (DFT) calculations (B3LYP/6-31G*), which were also carried out in this work. For small ring sizes (n=4–6), calculated molecular geometries, dipole moments, moments of inertia, and vibrational spectra were compared to experimental data. The axial–equatorial energy differences in methyl-substituted cyclohexanones were also calculated by MM4 and compared to ab initio, DFT, and experimental results. The results of the MM4 studies on cycloketones showed significant improvement from those of MM3 calculations performed in parallel with the MM4 calculations. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Comput Chem 22: 1451–1475, 2001

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    ABSTRACT: The MM4 force field has been extended to include aliphatic amines. About 20 amines have been examined to obtain a set of useful molecular mechanics parameters for this class. The vibrational spectra of seven amines (172 frequencies) calculated by MM4 have an overall rms error of 27 cm(-1), compared with corresponding MM4 value of 24 cm(-1) for alkanes. The rms and signed average errors of the moments of inertia of nine simple amines compared with the experimental data were 0.18% and -0.004%, respectively. The heats of formation of 30 amines were also studied. The MM4 weighted standard deviation is 0.41 kcal/mol, compared with experiment. Electronegativity effects occur in the hydrocarbon portion of an amine from the nitrogen, and are accounted for by including electronegativity induced changes in bond lengths and angles, and induced dipole-dipole interactions in the molecule. Negative hyperconjugation results from the presence of the lone pair of electrons on nitrogen, and leads to the Bohlmann bands in the infrared, and also to strong and unusual geometric changes in the molecules (Bohlmann effect), all of which are fairly well accounted for. The conformational energies in amines appear to be less straightforward than those for most other classes of molecules, apparently because of the Bohlmann effect, and these are probably not yet completely understood. In general, the agreement between the MM4 calculated results and the available data is reasonably good.
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