A theory-grounded framework of Open Source Software adoption in SMEs.
ABSTRACT The increasing popularity and use of Open Source Software (OSS) has led to significant interest from research communities and enterprise practitioners, notably in the small business sector where this type of software offers particular benefits given the financial and human capital constraints faced. However, there has been little focus on developing valid frameworks that enable critical evaluation and common understanding of factors influencing OSS adoption. This paper seeks to address this shortcoming by presenting a theory-grounded framework for exploring these factors and explaining their influence on OSS adoption, with the context of study being small- to medium-sized Information Technology (IT) businesses in the U.K. The framework has implications for this type of business – and, we will suggest, more widely – as a frame of reference for understanding, and as tool for evaluating benefits and challenges in, OSS adoption. It also offers researchers a structured way of investigating adoption issues and a base from which to develop models of OSS adoption. The study reported in this paper used the Decomposed Theory of Planned Behaviour (DTPB) as a basis for the research propositions, with the aim of: (i) developing a framework of empirical factors that influence OSS adoption; and (ii) appraising it through case study evaluation with 10 U.K. Small- to medium-sized enterprises in the IT sector. The demonstration of the capabilities of the framework suggests that it is able to provide a reliable explanation of the complex and subjective factors that influence attitudes, subjective norms and control over the use of OSS. The paper further argues that the DTPB proved useful in this research area and that it can provide a variety of situation-specific insights related to factors that influence the adoption of OSS.
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Conference Paper: Commercial adoption of open source software: an empirical study[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There has been a dramatic increase in commercial interest in the potential of open source software (OSS) over the past few years. However, given the many complex and novel issues that surround the use of OSS, the process of OSS adoption is not well-understood. We investigated this issue using a framework derived from innovation adoption theory which was then validated in an organisation which had embarked on a large-scale of adoption of OSS. The framework comprised four macro-factors - external environment, organisational context, technological context and individual factors. We then investigated these factors in a large-scale survey. Overall, the findings suggest a significant penetration of OSS with general deployment in two industry sectors - consultancy/software house and service/communication - and more limited deployment in government/public sector. However, the existence of a coherent and planned IT infrastructure based on proprietary software served to impede adoption of OSS. Finally, individual-relevant factors such as support for the general OSS ideology and committed personal championship of OSS were found to be significant.Empirical Software Engineering, 2005. 2005 International Symposium on; 12/2005
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ABSTRACT: The main research interest in Open Source Software (OSS) has been in answering the questions of why individuals and organizations without economic compensation contribute to OSS projects and how these projects are organized. In this paper we instead focus on managerial decisions for acquisition of OSS and discuss potential barriers for widespread use of OSS. Based on existing literature and a small case study, we develop and discuss the hypothesis that a major barrier may be the “customer organizations’ uncertainty and unfamiliarity with the relationships with OSS “vendors. To develop viable models for these relationships is an important challenge, which we will deal with in a research project, of which this paper should be seen as a first step.10/2004;
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ABSTRACT: softwa re, usua lly crea" by volunteer progra mers dispersed worldwide, now competes with tha developed by softwa- firms. This a- ievement is pa rticulacu impressivea s open-source progra mersraTgV meet. They rely hea ily on electronic media which preclude the benefits of faV`C`-} aV conta- tha progra mers enjoy within firms. In thispa'TC we describe findings tha taTb'C s thispaTC'x ba sed on observa tion, interviews a d quatita`C e aaT ses of two open-source projects. The findings suggest tha t sponta eous work coordina teda fterwa rd is effective,raTV na l orga izaVV' a culture helps as ieve a reement a ong membersa nd communicaCTg s media moderaq-} support sponta eous work. These findingsca implya new model of dispersed colla bora ion.01/2003;