Article

Cost reduction of the wastewater treatment plant operation by MPC based on modified ASM1 with two-step nitrification/denitrification model

Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 11 Arany Janos, 400028 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Computers & Chemical Engineering (Impact Factor: 2.45). 11/2011; 35:2469-2479. DOI: 10.1016/j.compchemeng.2011.03.031
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT The Activated Sludge Model No. 1 (ASM1) considers that nitrification and denitrification are single step processes and nitrite nitrogen (NO2–N), which is an intermediate for the two processes, is not accounted for. The first part of this paper presents the development of an enhanced ASM1 with two step nitrification/denitrification processes and its implementation in the Benchmark Simulation Model No.1 wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The secondary settler was considered to be reactive in order to achieve a better fit between the simulation model and the behavior of the real WWTP. The second part presents the investigation of Model Predictive Control approach for the advanced control of the WWTP. Two control strategies are implemented for the wastewater treatment plant and they are analyzed from the perspective of the benefits brought to the WWTP operation. The proposed control strategy shows a reduction of the operational costs and the improvement of the effluent quality index.

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    • "The current state of biological wastewater treatment modeling consists in the Activated Sludge Model Suite which includes the Activated Sludge Model No. 1, 2, 2d and 3 (ASM1, ASM2, ASM2d, ASM3) [2] [3] [4] [5]. These models have suffered extensions over the last decade [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16]. "
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    • "However, an advanced control algorithms may highly beneficial when the plant is strongly loaded. In addition, concentration on minimizing the operational cost in wastewater system was addressed too in (Ostace et al., 2011). "
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