Corrections to "Compressive Sensing on Manifolds Using a Nonparametric Mixture of Factor Analyzers: Algorithm and Performance Bounds".

Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (Impact Factor: 3.2). 03/2011; 59:1329. DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2010.2070796
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT Nonparametric Bayesian methods are employed to constitute a mixture of low-rank Gaussians, for data x ∈ RN that are of high dimension N but are constrained to reside in a low-dimensional subregion of RN. The number of mixture components and their rank are inferred automatically from the data. The resulting algorithm can be used for learning manifolds and for reconstructing signals from manifolds, based on compressive sensing (CS) projection measurements. The statistical CS inversion is performed analytically. We derive the required number of CS random measurements needed for successful reconstruction, based on easily-computed quantities, drawing on block-sparsity properties. The proposed methodology is validated on several synthetic and real datasets.

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    ABSTRACT: A blind compressive sensing algorithm is proposed to reconstruct hyperspectral images from spectrally-compressed measurements. The wavelength-dependent data are coded and then superposed, mapping the three-dimensional hyperspectral datacube to a two-dimensional image. The inversion algorithm learns a dictionary in situ from the measurements via globallocal shrinkage priors. By using RGB images as side information of the compressive sensing system, the proposed approach is extended to learn a coupled dictionary from the joint dataset of the compressed measurements and the corresponding RGB images, to improve reconstruction quality. A prototype camera is built using a liquid-crystal-on-silicon modulator. Experimental reconstructions of hyperspectral datacubes from both simulated and real compressed measurements demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed inversion algorithm, the feasibility of the camera and the benefit of side information.
    IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing 09/2015; DOI:10.1109/JSTSP.2015.2411575 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Large data sets are often modeled as being noisy samples from probability distributions µ in R D , with D large. It has been noticed that oftentimes the support M of these probability distributions seems to be well-approximated by low-dimensional sets, perhaps even by manifolds. We shall consider sets that are locally well approximated by k-dimensional planes, with k ≪ D, with k-dimensional manifolds isometrically embedded in R D being a special case. Samples from µ are furthermore corrupted by D-dimensional noise. Certain tools from multiscale geometric measure theory and harmonic analysis seem well-suited to be adapted to the study of samples from such probability distributions, in order to yield quantitative geometric information about them. In this paper we introduce and study multiscale covariance matrices, i.e. covariances corresponding to the distribution restricted to a ball of radius r, with a fixed center and varying r, and under rather general geometric assumptions we study how their empirical, noisy counterparts behave. We prove that in the range of scales where these covariance matrices are most informative, the empirical, noisy covariances are close to their expected, noiseless counterparts. In fact, this is true as soon as the number of samples in the balls where the covariance matrices are computed is linear in the intrinsic dimension of M. As an application, we present an algorithm for estimating the intrinsic dimension of M.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper offers a characterization of fundamental limits in the classification and reconstruction of high-dimensional signals from low-dimensional features, in the presence of side information. In particular, we consider a scenario where a decoder has access both to noisy linear features of the signal of interest and to noisy linear features of the side information signal; while the side information may be in a compressed form, the objective is recovery or classification of the primary signal, not the side information. We assume the signal of interest and the side information signal are drawn from a correlated mixture of distributions/components, where each component associated with a specific class label follows a Gaussian mixture model (GMM). By considering bounds to the misclassification probability associated with the recovery of the underlying class label of the signal of interest, and bounds to the reconstruction error associated with the recovery of the signal of interest itself, we then provide sharp sufficient and/or necessary conditions for the phase transition of these quantities in the low-noise regime. These conditions, which are reminiscent of the well-known Slepian-Wolf and Wyner-Ziv conditions, are a function of the number of linear features extracted from the signal of interest, the number of linear features extracted from the side information signal, and the geometry of these signals and their interplay. Our framework, which also offers a principled mechanism to integrate side information in high-dimensional data problems, is also tested in the context of imaging applications. In particular, we report state-of-the-art results in compressive hyperspectral imaging applications, where the accompanying side information is a conventional digital photograph.

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