A mixed integer genetic algorithm used in biological and chemical defense applications.

Soft Computing (Impact Factor: 1.3). 01/2011; 15:51-59. DOI: 10.1007/s00500-009-0516-z
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT There are many problems in security and defense that require a robust optimization technique, including those that involve
the release of a chemical or biological contaminant. Our problem, in particular, is computing the parameters to be used in
modeling atmospheric transport and dispersion given field sensor measurements of contaminant concentration. This paper discusses
using a genetic algorithm for addressing this problem. An example is given how a mixed integer genetic algorithm can be used
in conjunction with field sensor data to invert a forward model to obtain the meteorological data and source information necessary
for prediction of the subsequent concentration field. A new mixed integer genetic algorithm is described that is a state-of-the-art
tool capable of optimizing a wide range of objective functions. Such an algorithm is used here for optimizing atmospheric
stability, wind speed, wind direction, rainout, and source location. We demonstrate that the algorithm is successful at reconstructing
these meteorological and source parameters despite moderate correlations between their effects on the sensor data.

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